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Modeling North Pacific SST anomalies as a response to anomalous atmospheric forcing
Luksch, U.; von Storch, H.; Maier-Reimer, E. (1990). Modeling North Pacific SST anomalies as a response to anomalous atmospheric forcing, in: Nihoul, J.C.J. (Ed.) Coupled ocean-atmosphere modeling: proceedings of the 21th International Liège Colloquium on Ocean Hydrodynamics, Liège, May 8-12, 1989. Journal of Marine Systems, 1(1-3): pp. 155-168
In: Nihoul, J.C.J. (Ed.) (1990). Coupled ocean-atmosphere modeling: proceedings of the 21th International Liège Colloquium on Ocean Hydrodynamics, Liège, May 8-12, 1989. Journal of Marine Systems, 1(1-3). Elsevier Scientific: Amsterdam. 313 pp., more
In: Journal of Marine Systems. Elsevier: Tokyo; Oxford; New York; Amsterdam. ISSN 0924-7963, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in Authors 
Document type: Conference paper

Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Luksch, U.
  • von Storch, H.
  • Maier-Reimer, E.

Abstract
    Large-scale sea surface temperature anomalies (SSTA) in the North Pacific ocean are often persistent for several months during wintertime. There is observational evidence that these patterns are forced by anomalous atmospheric circulation. Since the latter is in part related to the tropical El Nino/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) phenomenon it is hypothesized that part of the North Pacific SSTA's may be interpreted as remote oceanic response to anomalous equatorial Pacific SSTA's. Two experiments with a multi-level primitive equation model of the North Pacific have been conducted to study the influence of such anomalous atmospheric circulation on the SST. In both experiments anomalous wind stress as derived from the 1950-1979 COADS subset is specified as anomalous forcing. In experiment 1 no anomalous heat flux is introduced whereas in experiment 2 anomalous heat fluxes are estimated from anomalous surface winds and a simple advective atmosphere. In both experiments the GCM SSTA response are able to reproduce the main features of the time series of observed SSTA. The ENSO signal is clearly present in both simulations.

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