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High-latitude controls of thermocline nutrients and low latitude biological productivity
Sarmiento, J.L.; Gruber, N.; Brzezinski, M.A.; Dunne, J.P. (2004). High-latitude controls of thermocline nutrients and low latitude biological productivity. Nature (Lond.) 427(6969): 56-60
In: Nature: International Weekly Journal of Science. Nature Publishing Group: London. ISSN 0028-0836, more
Peer reviewed article  

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  • Sarmiento, J.L.
  • Gruber, N.
  • Brzezinski, M.A.
  • Dunne, J.P.

    The ocean’s biological pump strips nutrients out of the surface waters and exports them into the thermocline and deep waters. If there were no return path of nutrients from deep waters, the biological pump would eventually deplete the surface waters and thermocline of nutrients; surface biological productivity would plummet. Here we make use of the combined distributions of silicic acid and nitrate to trace the main nutrient return path from deep waters by upwelling in the Southern Ocean1 and subsequent entrainment into subantarctic mode water. We show that the subantarctic mode water, which spreads throughout the entire Southern Hemisphere2,3 and North AtlanticOcean3, is the main source of nutrients for the thermocline. We also find that an additional return path exists in the northwest corner of the Pacific Ocean, where enhanced vertical mixing, perhaps driven by tides4, brings abyssal nutrients to the surface and supplies them to the thermocline of the North Pacific. Our analysis has important implications for our understanding of large-scale controls on the nature and magnitude of low-latitude biological productivity and its sensitivity to climate change.

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