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Long-term increase in crustacean zooplankton abundance in the southern Benguela upwelling region (1951-1996): bottom-up or top-down control?
Verheye, H.M.; Richardson, A.J. (1998). Long-term increase in crustacean zooplankton abundance in the southern Benguela upwelling region (1951-1996): bottom-up or top-down control? ICES J. Mar. Sci./J. Cons. int. Explor. Mer 55(4): 803-807. hdl.handle.net/10.1006/jmsc.1998.0387
In: ICES Journal of Marine Science. Academic Press: London. ISSN 1054-3139, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Marine
Author keywords
    Benguela Current long-term trends predation upwelling zooplankton

Authors  Top 
  • Verheye, H.M.
  • Richardson, A.J., more

Abstract
    Since 1951, zooplankton samples have been collected on the shelf along the west coast of South Africa, where pelagic fish recruit each year. Retrospective analysis of collections made during peak recruitment in austral autumn showed a significant increase in the abundance of planktonic crustaceans by two orders of magnitude (from 3.74 × 103 ind.m-2 in 1951 to 7.03 × 105 ind.m-2 in 1996). This long-term increase was accompanied by a shift in the community size structure, which parallelled altered regimes of anchovy and sardine, two size-selective planktivores. The increase in crustacean zooplankton could be related to the observed long-term intensification of coastal upwelling in the region and a reduction in predation by declining stocks of pelagic fish over the past four decades.

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