|Modelling production and biomasses of zoobenthos in lakes|In: Aquatic Ecology. Springer: Dordrecht; London; Boston. ISSN 1386-2588, more
Biological production; Biomass; Ecosystems; Environmental factors; Freshwater lakes; Modelling; Prediction; Seasonal variations; Zoobenthos; Russia [Marine Regions]; Fresh water
|Authors|| || Top |
- Håkanson, L.
- Boulion, V.V.
This work presents a dynamic model to predict zoobenthos in lakes. The model has been developed within the framework of a more comprehensive lake ecosystem model, LakeWeb, which also accounts for the following functional groups of organisms, phytoplankton, bacterioplankton, two types of zooplankton (herbivorous and predatory), macrophytes, prey fish and predatory fish. This work also presents a new data-base for zoobenthos in lakes. Many of the lakes included in this study are situated in the former Soviet Union. They were investigated during the Soviet period and those results have been largely unknown in the West. Using this data-base, this work also presents new empirical models for zoobenthos. The new dynamic model gives seasonal variations (the calculation time, dt, is 1 week using Euler's method and enough iterations to get stable solutions). The basic aim of the dynamic model is that it should capture general functional and structural patterns in lakes. We have demonstrated by several model tests along limnological gradients (total phosphorus concentrations, pH, lake colour, latitude and lake size) that the dynamic model gives predictions that agree well with the values given by the empirical regressions, and also expected and requested divergences from these regressions when they do not provide sufficient resolution. It would have been very difficult indeed to carry out such tests regarding ecosystem responses using traditional methods with extensive field studies in a few lakes. We have given algorithms for (1) production of zoobenthos from eating macrophytes, benthic algae and sediments, (2) elimination (related to the turnover time of zooplankton), and (3) zoobenthos consumption by prey fish, and the factors influencing these processes/rates. The model is driven by data easily accessed from standard monitoring programs or maps a prerequisite for practical utility in contexts of lake management.