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Comparing designs of marine reserves for fisheries and for biodiversity
Hastings, A.; Botsford, L.W. (2003). Comparing designs of marine reserves for fisheries and for biodiversity. Ecol. Appl. 13(1, Suppl.): S65-S70
In: Ecological Applications. Ecological Society of America: Tempe, AZ. ISSN 1051-0761, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 

Keywords
    Biodiversity; Design; Fisheries; Marine parks; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Hastings, A.
  • Botsford, L.W.

Abstract
    We compare and contrast the design of networks of marine reserves for two different, commonly stated goals: (1) maintaining high yield in fisheries and (2) conserving biodiversity, in an idealized setting using simple models. The models describe larval dispersal over a system of evenly spaced reserves of equal size, assuming sedentary adults. We initially demonstrate that, since populations in reserve systems can be sustained either by covering a minimal fraction of the coast with small reserves or by covering a smaller fraction of the coast with few large reserves, cost considerations dictate that the conservation goal would be best met by reserves as large as practically possible. In contrast, the fisheries goal of maximizing yield requires maximizing larval export outside of reserves, which we show means that reserves should be as small as practically possible. Meeting the fisheries goal is ultimately more costly because it suggests a larger area of the coastline should be in reserves, but it also improves on conservation goals by enhancing sustainability for species dispersing longer distances.

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