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Summary of beach nourishment activity along the Great Lakes' shoreline 1955-1996
O'Brien, M.K.; Valverde, H.R.; Trembanis, A.C.; Haddad, T.C. (1999). Summary of beach nourishment activity along the Great Lakes' shoreline 1955-1996. J. Coast. Res. 15(1): 206-219

www.jstor.org/stable/4298928
In: Journal of Coastal Research. Coastal Education and Research Foundation: Fort Lauderdale. ISSN 0749-0208, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 

Keyword
    Marine
Author keywords
    Replenishment; Location; Funding; Volume; Cost; Length; Nourishment

Authors  Top 
  • O'Brien, M.K.
  • Valverde, H.R.
  • Trembanis, A.C.
  • Haddad, T.C.

Abstract
    This paper presents data collected by The Program for the Study of Developed Shorelines in a 1996 survey of the United States Great Lakes' beach nourishment experience. Since 1955, at least 416 individual nourishment episodes have taken place at 60 sites. A cumulative volume of at least 25 million cubic yards of sand has been placed on Great Lakes' beaches and nearshore areas. Federally funded nourishment projects dominate in the region, with three very different types of nourishment projects: mitigation, navigation and storm erosion control.

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