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The nursery function of the intertidal areas in the western Wadden Sea for 0-group sole Solea solea (L.)
van der Veer, H.W.; Dapper, R.; Witte, J. IJ. (2001). The nursery function of the intertidal areas in the western Wadden Sea for 0-group sole Solea solea (L.). J. Sea Res. 45(3-4): 271-279. dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1385-1101(01)00062-4
In: Journal of Sea Research. Elsevier/Netherlands Institute for Sea Research: Amsterdam; Den Burg. ISSN 1385-1101, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Growth; Juveniles; Marine fish; Nursery grounds; Solea solea (Linnaeus, 1758) [WoRMS]; Solea solea (Linnaeus, 1758) [WoRMS]; ANE, Wadden Sea [Marine Regions]; Marine
Author keywords
    Juvenile; Flatfish; Growth; Nursery; 0-group; Soleasolea; Sole; WaddenSea; Year-class strength

Authors  Top 
  • van der Veer, H.W.
  • Dapper, R.
  • Witte, J. IJ.

Abstract
    Data over the periods 1975–1982 and 1991–2000 were used to study the function of the intertidal flats in the western Dutch WaddenSea as a nurseryarea for sole. Settlement of larval sole occurred from May onwards, whereby the timing of settlement was inversely related to water temperature in spring. Maximum densities of between 50 and 100 ind. (103 m2)-1 could be found around the end of June. Hereafter, densities decreased due to migration into deeper waters and from the end of August onwards no 0-groupsole were present on the intertidal flats. Growth during this period normally appears to be density-independent and a mean population size of about 70–80 mm was reached in August. Growth at Balgzand and also in other areas appeared not to be maximal according to the predictions of a maximum growth model. It is suggested that differences in food composition and availability in terms of searching and handling time might explain this discrepancy. There was no relationship between peak density in the intertidal and year-class strength in the westernWaddenSea or with ultimate recruitment. In contrast, year-class strength in the subtidal part of the westernWaddenSea did show a significant positive relationship with recruitment. The intertidalarea only functioned as an important area of settlement for 0-groupsole and as a nurseryarea for a relatively short period during the first months of settlement.

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