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Controls on suspended sediment deposition over single tidal cycles in a macrotidal saltmarsh, Bay of Fundy, Canada
Van Proosdij, D.; Ollerhead, J.; Davidson-Arnott, R.G.D. (2000). Controls on suspended sediment deposition over single tidal cycles in a macrotidal saltmarsh, Bay of Fundy, Canada, in: Pye, K. et al. (Ed.) Coastal and estuarine environments: sedimentology, geomorphology and geoarchaeology. Geological Society Special Publication, 175: pp. 43-57
In: Pye, K.; Allen, J.R.L. (Ed.) (2000). Coastal and estuarine environments: sedimentology, geomorphology and geoarchaeology Geological Society Special Publication, 175 The Geological Society: London. ISBN 1-86239-070-3. 435 pp., more
In: Hartley, A.J. et al. (Ed.) Geological Society Special Publication. Geological Society of London: Oxford; London; Edinburgh; Boston, Mass.; Carlton, Vic.. ISSN 0305-8719, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 
    VLIZ: Geology and Geophysics [5905]
Document type: Conference paper

Keywords
    Marine; Brackish water

Authors  Top 
  • Van Proosdij, D.
  • Ollerhead, J.
  • Davidson-Arnott, R.G.D.

Abstract
    A field study was conducted on a section of Allen Creek marsh in the Bay of Fundy to examine changes in suspended sediment circulation and deposition over single tidal cycles. Net flow velocity, suspended sediment concentration and sediment deposition were measured over 13 individual tidal cycles during the summer of 1998. A vertical array was deployed in the low marsh region, consisting of three pairs of electromagnetic current meters, OBStm probes and one pressure transducer. Sediment deposition was measured using full-cycle sediment traps. The temporal distribution of sediment deposition was monitored using sequential sediment traps exposed at different tidal stages. The data suggest that sediment deposition on the marsh surface is primarily controlled by the interaction of water flow, marsh morphology and vegetation. The highest amounts of sediment are deposited during conditions of high suspended sediment concentration and low wave activity, particularly when the relative roughness of the vegetation is the highest. Loss of suspended sediment from the water column was shown to be correlated with the sediment trap data; however, predictions of sediment deposition based on the variation in suspended sediment concentration were found to be valid only for conditions with less than 0.15 m high waves. For higher wave conditions, the use of suspended sediment loss calculations should be used primarily for estimating the relative rather than absolute values of deposition on the marsh surface.

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