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Patterns of flow and suspended sediment concentration in a macrotidal saltmarsh creek, Bay of Fundy, Canada
Schostak, L.E.; Davidson-Arnott, R.G.D.; Ollerhead, J.; Kostaschuk, R.A. (2000). Patterns of flow and suspended sediment concentration in a macrotidal saltmarsh creek, Bay of Fundy, Canada, in: Pye, K. et al. (Ed.) Coastal and estuarine environments: sedimentology, geomorphology and geoarchaeology. Geological Society Special Publication, 175: pp. 59-73
In: Pye, K.; Allen, J.R.L. (Ed.) (2000). Coastal and estuarine environments: sedimentology, geomorphology and geoarchaeology Geological Society Special Publication, 175 The Geological Society: London. ISBN 1-86239-070-3. 435 pp., more
In: Hartley, A.J. et al. (Ed.) Geological Society Special Publication. Geological Society of London: Oxford; London; Edinburgh; Boston, Mass.; Carlton, Vic.. ISSN 0305-8719, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in Authors 
    VLIZ: Geology and Geophysics [5906]
Document type: Conference paper

Keywords
    Marine; Brackish water

Authors  Top 
  • Schostak, L.E.
  • Davidson-Arnott, R.G.D.
  • Ollerhead, J.
  • Kostaschuk, R.A.

Abstract
    Measurements of velocity and suspended sediment concentration were carried out in a saltmarsh tidal creek network in the Cumberland Basin, Bay of Fundy, Canada. The study area was located on the NW shore of the basin in part of an undyked marsh that is about 200m wide with a simple reticulate creek network. The area is macrotidal with spring tides greater than 12 m and suspended sediment concentrations in the basin characteristically range from 150-300mg.l-1. The purpose of the study was to determine vertical and along channel variations in these two parameters over individual tidal cycles and to use these data to assess the role of the tidal creeks in the import and export of water and sediment from the marsh surface. Measurements using a vertical array of co-located electromagnetic current meters and OBS probes for measuring suspended sediment concentration were carried out over four spring tides at a cross section in the lower part of Middle Creek. Six sets of measurments were carried out at four locations along the length of the creek, a distance of about 200m over six tides ranging from spring to neap. Maximum mean velocities measured over sampling times of eight minutes did not exceed 0.1 msec-1 in Middle Creek and 0.15 msec-1 in Main Creek. Transient high velocities associated with the overbank flows were weakly developed as a result of the absence of significant levees or embankments on the marsh surface. Suspended sediment concentrations in the creek generally decreased steadily over the period of inundation. Flow across the marsh margin occurred simultaneously with the achievement of bankful conditions and the creeks themselves appear to play a relatively minor role in the movement of water and sediment onto and out of the marsh. Despite the fact that the marsh surface is still low in the tidal frame and active sedimentation is still occurring, the low flow velocities and observations in the field suggest that the tidal creek network is unable to flush itself and that it is contracting.

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