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Spatiotemporal patterning of reactive oxygen production and Ca2+ wave propagation in Fucus rhizoid cells
Coelho, S.M.; Taylor, A.R.; Ryan, K.P.; Sousa-Pinto, I.; Brown, M.T.; Brownlee, C. (2002). Spatiotemporal patterning of reactive oxygen production and Ca2+ wave propagation in Fucus rhizoid cells. Plant Cell 14: 2369-2381
In: The Plant Cell. American Society of Plant Biologists: Rockville, MD. ISSN 1040-4651, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Coelho, S.M.
  • Taylor, A.R.
  • Ryan, K.P.
  • Sousa-Pinto, I., more
  • Brown, M.T.
  • Brownlee, C., more

Abstract
    Both Ca2+and reactive oxygen species (ROS) play critical signaling roles in plant responses to biotic and abiotic stress.However, the positioning of Ca2+and ROS (in particular H2O2) after a stress stimulus and their subcellular interactionsare poorly understood. Moreover, although information can be encoded in different patterns of cellular Ca2+ signals, little is known about the subcellular spatiotemporal patterns of ROS production or their significance for downstream responses. Here, we show that ROS production in response to hyperosmotic stress in embryonic cells of the alga Fucusserratusconsists of two distinct components. The first ROS component coincides closely with the origin of a Ca2+wave in the peripheral cytosol at the growing cell apex, has an extracellular origin, and is necessary for the Ca2+wave.Patch-clamp experiments show that a nonselective cation channel is stimulated by H2O2and may underlie the initialcytosolic Ca2+increase. Thus, the spatiotemporal pattern of the Ca2+wave is determined by peripheral ROS production.The second, later ROS component localizes to the mitochondria and is a direct consequence of the Ca2+ wave.The first component, but not the second, is required for short-term adaptation to hyperosmotic stress. Our resultshighlight the role of ROS in the patterning of a Ca2+signal in addition to its function in regulating cell wall strength inthe Fucus embryo.

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