|Distribution and abundance of the tiger prawns Penaeus esculentus and P. semisulcatus in the north-western Gulf of Carpentaria, Australia|
Somers, I.F.; Crocos, P.J.; Hill, B.J. (1987). Distribution and abundance of the tiger prawns Penaeus esculentus and P. semisulcatus in the north-western Gulf of Carpentaria, Australia, in: Hill, B.J. Biology of penaeid prawns in northern Australia. pp. 63-78
In: Hill, B.J. (1987). Biology of penaeid prawns in northern Australia. CSIRO Australia: Melbourne. ISBN 0-643-04254-7. 190 pp., more
|Authors|| || Top |
- Somers, I.F.
- Crocos, P.J.
- Hill, B.J.
Trawl surveys in the north-westem Gulf of Carpentaria were carried out each lunar month from August 1983 to March 1985 to assess the temporal and spatial distribution and abundance of P. esculentus and P. semisulcatus. The information obtained was then compared with that from fishermen's logbooks. Water temperature and salinity were monitored during the study and their possible influence on the distributions has been inferred. The distributions of juveniles of less than 20 mm carapace length indicated that, for both tiger prawn species, the main nursery areas in the region were in Blue Mud Bay and in the bays along the northern coast of Groote Eylandt. Although the two species shared the same nursery areas, the juveniles were concentrated in different parts of Blue Mud Bay and were most abundant at different times. Catches of juvenile P. esculentus increased substantially in October and peaked in November, whereas catches of juvenile P. semisulcatus increased in November and peaked in January .Catches of both species showed a secondary peak in March 1984, coincident with the heaviest monthly rainfall of the summer monsoon season. The distribution of larger prawns showed spatial separation of the two species in the offshore fishery. The monthly pattern of the catch-per-unit-effort (CPUE) of the two tiger prawn species combined was similar to that obtained from fishermen's logbooks; the logbook data are therefore generally reliable. Monthly CPUE from the trawl surveys for the individual species showed distinct peaks in late summer , which were apparently related to recruitment of small prawns into the fishery. CPUE for P.semisulcatus peaked in February and April (juvenile abundance had peaked in January and March); CPUE for p. esculentus peaked in January and May (juvenile abundance had peaked in November and March). However, a distinct CPUE peak in spring (August/September) for P. semisulcatus could not be related to a previous peak in juvenile abundance; this was presumably a result of an increase in catchability. Although there was evidence linking changes in the catchability of P.semisulcatus to changes in water temperature, a similar link was not as evident for P. esculentus.