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Acute and chronic toxicity of the pesticide methyl parathion to the rotifer Brachionus angularis (Rotifera) at different algal (Chlorella vulgaris) food densities
Gama-Flores, J.L.; Sarma, S.S.S.; Nandini, S. (2004). Acute and chronic toxicity of the pesticide methyl parathion to the rotifer Brachionus angularis (Rotifera) at different algal (Chlorella vulgaris) food densities. Aquat. Ecol. 38(1): 27-36. dx.doi.org/10.1023/b:aeco.0000020986.92471.32
In: Aquatic Ecology. Springer: Dordrecht; London; Boston. ISSN 1386-2588, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Algae; Bioassays; Growth rate; Insecticides; Methyl parathion; Methyl parathion; Population density; Population dynamics; Toxicity tests; Zooplankton; Brachionus angularis Gosse, 1851 [WoRMS]; Chlorella vulgaris Beyerinck [Beijerinck], 1890 [WoRMS]; Rotifera [WoRMS]; Fresh water

Authors  Top 
  • Gama-Flores, J.L.
  • Sarma, S.S.S.
  • Nandini, S.

Abstract
    Methyl parathion is a commonly used insecticide in Mexico to eradicate insect pests. We evaluated the effects of this insecticide on rotifer B. angularis using both acute and chronic toxicity tests. Median lethal concentration (LC50) of methyl parathion for B. angularis for a 24-h bioassay in the presence and absence of an algal diet was derived. Elevated LC50 due to the survival of a greater number of test individuals in the presence of food was observed. Regardless of the toxicant concentration, population growth curves of the animals maintained at the low food level (0.75×106 cells ml-1) had a longer lag phase than those at the high food level (1.5×106 cells ml-1). Regardless of food level, an increase in the toxicant concentration in the medium resulted in decreased population growth. The lowest peak population density (50 ind. ml-1) was observed at the highest toxicant concentration and the lower food level. The highest population density (200 ind. ml-1) was observed in the controls at high food level. The rates of population increase per day (r) in the controls were higher (from 0.14 to 0.37 depending on the food level). Irrespective of food level, there was a decrease in the r values with increasing pesticide concentration in the medium. In order to detect the effect of population density on the growth rates in relation to the toxicant stress, we plotted the daily growth rate against initial density for the entire duration of the experiment. We observed the existence of a significantly inverse relation at all treatments except at the low food level and high toxicant concentrations (0.625 and 1.25 mg l-1). We discuss the role of algae in the toxicity of methyl parathion to zooplankton.

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