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Modulation of the free amino acid pool and protein content in populations of the Artemia spp.
Helland, S.; Triantaphyllidis, G.; Fyhn, H.J.; Evjen, M.S.; Lavens, P.; Sorgeloos, P. (2000). Modulation of the free amino acid pool and protein content in populations of the Artemia spp. Mar. Biol. (Berl.) 137: 1005-1016
In: Marine Biology. Springer: Berlin. ISSN 0025-3162, more
Peer reviewed article

Also published as
  • Helland, S.; Triantaphyllidis, G.; Fyhn, H.J.; Evjen, M.S.; Lavens, P.; Sorgeloos, P. (2000). Modulation of the free amino acid pool and protein content in populations of the Artemia spp., in: (2000). VLIZ Coll. Rep. 30(2000). VLIZ Collected Reprints: Marine and Coastal Research in Flanders, 30: pp. chapter 22, more

Keywords
    Amino acids; Artificial seawater; Brine shrimp culture; Cysts; Hatching; Instars; Macao; Proteins; Salinity effects; Artemia Leach, 1819 [WoRMS]; Artemia franciscana Kellog, 1906 [WoRMS]; Artemia parthenogenetica Bowen & Sterling, 1978 [WoRMS]; Artemia urmiana Günther, 1899 [WoRMS]; China, People's Rep. [gazetteer]; INE, USA, California, San Francisco Bay [gazetteer]; Iran [gazetteer]; Kazakhstan [gazetteer]; MED, Greece, Thessaloniki [gazetteer]; Namibia [gazetteer]; USA, Utah, Great Salt L.; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Helland, S.
  • Triantaphyllidis, G.
  • Fyhn, H.J.
  • Evjen, M.S.
  • Lavens, P., more
  • Sorgeloos, P., more

Abstract
    Free amino acid (FAA) and protein content were measured in various developmental stages of Artemia franciscana, from cysts to Instar III metanauplii. In addition, decapsulated cysts of 15 Artemia populations from different localities were compared with respect to their FAA and protein content. Furthermore, the content and composition of the FAA pool were modulated by hatching the cysts at various salinities, and by enriching the nauplii with algae or a lipid-enrichment emulsion. The FAA content increased threefold from cysts to nauplii, and Instar III metanauplii contained nearly 50% taurine of total FAA. Cysts of A. franciscana were found to contain one-third the amount of FAA compared to the other Artemia species investigated. The content and pool composition of FAA was successfully modulated in 11 of 13 populations, where by the content of FAA was significantly increased when hatched at high salinity. Finally, enrichment elevated the content of FAA and changed the pool composition, thereby showing a dietary effect. Algal enrichment also increased the protein content.

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