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The stability of docosahexaenoic acid in two Artemia species following enrichment and subsequent starvation
Evjemo, J.O.; Coutteau, P.; Olsen, Y.; Sorgeloos, P. (1997). The stability of docosahexaenoic acid in two Artemia species following enrichment and subsequent starvation, in: (1997). IZWO Coll. Rep. 27(1997). IZWO Collected Reprints, 27: pp. chapter 11
In: (1997). IZWO Coll. Rep. 27(1997). IZWO Collected Reprints, 27[s.n.][s.l.], more
In: IZWO Collected Reprints. Instituut voor Zeewetenschappelijk Onderzoek: Bredene & Oostende. ISSN 0772-1250, more

Also published as
  • Evjemo, J.O.; Coutteau, P.; Olsen, Y.; Sorgeloos, P. (1997). The stability of docosahexaenoic acid in two Artemia species following enrichment and subsequent starvation. Aquaculture 155: 135-148, more

Keywords
    Feeding experiments; Starvation; Artemia Leach, 1819 [WoRMS]; Brackish water; Fresh water

Authors  Top 
  • Evjemo, J.O.
  • Coutteau, P., more
  • Olsen, Y.
  • Sorgeloos, P., more

Abstract
    Two Artemia species (Artemia franciscana, GSL strain and a population from Artemia sinica, ARC No. 1188) were enriched with two different emulsions containing high levels of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) (23 and 44% of total fatty acids, respectively) in filtered seawater (30 ppt) at 28°C. After enrichment nauplii were starved for 72h at three different temperatures (6.1, 12.2 and 22°C). Following enrichment the DHA content and DHA/EPA ratio reached a maximum 41.2 and 42.8 mg g-1 dry weight and 1.88 and 2.09 in A. franciscana and A. sinica, respectively. During starvation at 12.2°C the DHA content in A. franciscana decreased steadily throughout the starvation period towards 1.11 -2.89 mg g-1 dry weight (DHA/EPA ratio of 0.4) after 72h, whereas in A. sinica the DHA content was >20 mg g-1 dry weight (DHA/EPA ratio of 1.7-2). A quantitative reduction of DHA in A. sinica was observed only during the first 24h of the starvation period. The degradation rate of DHA in A. franciscana increased with rising temperature (22°C) and decreased at the lowest temperature (6.1°C). This was not the case for A. sinica, during starvation at different temperatures the DHA level in A. sinica remained at a relatively high and constant level.

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