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The effect of DHA/EPA ratio in live feed on the fatty acid composition, survival, growth and pigmentation of turbot larvae Scophthalmus maximus L.
Curé, K.; Gajardo, G.; Coutteau, P. (1996). The effect of DHA/EPA ratio in live feed on the fatty acid composition, survival, growth and pigmentation of turbot larvae Scophthalmus maximus L., in: [s.d.] IZWO Collected Reprints. 26: pp. chapter 10
In: IZWO Collected Reprints. Instituut voor Zeewetenschappelijk Onderzoek: Bredene. ISSN 0772-1250, more

Also published as
  • Curé, K.; Gajardo, G.; Coutteau, P. (1996). The effect of DHA/EPA ratio in live feed on the fatty acid composition, survival, growth and pigmentation of turbot larvae Scophthalmus maximus L., in: Gajardo, G. et al. (Ed.) Improvement of the Commercial Production of Marine Aquaculture Species: Proceedings of a workshop on Fish and Mollusc Larviculture. pp. 57-67, more

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Keywords
    Fatty acids; Growth; Live feed; Survival; Scophthalmus maximus (Linnaeus, 1758) [WoRMS]; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Curé, K., more
  • Gajardo, G.
  • Coutteau, P., more

Abstract
    A set of experiments was designed to understand the effect of standardized enrichment diets on the fatty acid composition and culture performance of turbot larvae reared using the food chain rotifers -freshly hatched Artemia nauplii- enriched Artemia . Rotifers were fed on experimental diets of similar total n-3 HUFA content (34-39 mg/g DW) but different DHA/EPA ratio (0.7, 2.6 and 5.5). DHA/EPA ratio in Artemia was manipulated by 24-h enrichment with an emulsion with either a high or low DHA/EPA ratio (respectively, 4.0 and 0.7). Results produced by three experiments showed that the n-3 HUFA composition of the rotifers (DHA/EPA 0.7-2.2) was a reflection of the diet composition, which in turn affected the fatty acid composition of the turbot larvae on day 7 (DHA/EPA 2.4-3.4). At day 13, however, when unenriched Artemia (containing EPA only) were fed to the larvae, the differences in the DHA/EPA ratio observed in the larvae where largely neutralized. The n-3 HUFA composition of the enriched Artemia (DHA/EPA 0.4 and 1.5, respectively) was again reflected in the fatty acid composition of the fish larvae at day 30. When the experiment was repeated with enriched Artemia nauplii, a range of different DHA/EPA ratios (0.9 till 4.2) could be obtained in the 16-day old turbot larvae. Although larval survival was low to allow conclusive results, high DPA/EPA ratios in rotifers and enriched Artemia seemed to be beneficial for normal pigmentation development and growth in turbot larvae.

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