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Distribution and adaptations of sea ice inhabiting Harpacticoida (Crustacea, Copepoda) of the Weddell Sea (Antarctica)
Dahms, H.-U.; Bergmans, M.; Schminke, H.K. (1990). Distribution and adaptations of sea ice inhabiting Harpacticoida (Crustacea, Copepoda) of the Weddell Sea (Antarctica), in: IZWO Coll. Rep. 20(1990). IZWO Collected Reprints, 20: pp. chapter 19
In: (1990). IZWO Coll. Rep. 20(1990). IZWO Collected Reprints, 20[s.n.][s.l.], more
In: IZWO Collected Reprints. Instituut voor Zeewetenschappelijk Onderzoek: Bredene. ISSN 0772-1250, more

Also published as
  • Dahms, H.-U.; Bergmans, M.; Schminke, H.K. (1990). Distribution and adaptations of sea ice inhabiting Harpacticoida (Crustacea, Copepoda) of the Weddell Sea (Antarctica). Mar. Ecol. (Berl.) 11(3): 207-226, more

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Keywords
    Biogeography; Dormancy; Ecology; Life history; Salinity tolerance; Harpacticoida [WoRMS]; PSW, Weddell Sea [Marine Regions]; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Dahms, H.-U.
  • Bergmans, M., more
  • Schminke, H.K.

Abstract
    Seven harpacticoid species were found to be associated with sea ice collected during 5 Antarctic cruises of the RV Polarstern. Their distribution within the fast ice and pack ice zones of the Weddell Sea is presented. Whereas some individuals probably become entrapped into the ice only accidentally, at least 4 species are genuinely sympagic. These have evolved remarkable adaptations, as evidenced by field and laboratory studies of Drescheriella glacialis, which is by far the most abundant. Such adaptations include: the ability to penetrate deep into ice; a comparatively high salinity tolerance allowing it to endure large salinity fluctuations associated with ice crystal formation and melting; good swimming ability, necessary both for horizontal dispersal and for a planktonic intermezzo after annual melting of the sea ice. D. glacialis is the first polar non-vertebrate metazoan to be cultivated through its entire life cycle. Its life history suggests an r-strategy; this would be the first indication of such a trait in the polar environment. A new species of Drescheriella, on the other hand, exhibits resting stages (CIV-V) known to date only for Calanoida but not reported for Harpacticoida.

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