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Feeding ecology of juvenile flatfishes of the surf zone of a sandy beach
Beyst, B.; Cattrijsse, A.; Mees, J. (1999). Feeding ecology of juvenile flatfishes of the surf zone of a sandy beach, in: (1999). VLIZ Coll. Rep. 29(1999). VLIZ Collected Reprints: Marine and Coastal Research in Flanders, 29: pp. chapter 3
In: (1999). VLIZ Coll. Rep. 29(1999). VLIZ Collected Reprints: Marine and Coastal Research in Flanders, 29. Flanders Marine Institute (VLIZ): Oostende, more
In: VLIZ Collected Reprints: Marine and Coastal Research in Flanders. Vlaams Instituut voor de Zee: Oostende. ISSN 1376-3822, more

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Keywords
    Beaches; Diets; Feeding; Feeding behaviour; Food availability; Limanda limanda; Prey selection; Scophthalmus; Scophthalmus maximus; Scophthalmus rhombus; Surf zone; Zoobenthos; Pleuronectes platessa Linnaeus, 1758 [WoRMS]; Solea solea (Linnaeus, 1758) [WoRMS]; ANE, Belgium [Marine Regions]; Belgium [Marine Regions]; Marine

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Abstract
    Prey items of 0- and 1-group plaice Pleuronectes platessa, sole Solea solea, brill Scophthalmus rhombus, turbot S. maximus and dab Limanda limanda of the surf zone of a Belgian sandy beach, included hyperbenthic (e.g; mysids), endobenthic (e.g. Polychaetes) and epibenthic (e.g. shrimps) species. Little dietary overlap was observed. If diet overlap did occur, it mainly involved prey species that are dominant in the surf zone of Belgian beaches, such as shrimps and mysids. These results suggest an opportunistic utilization by flatfish of the available food resources in surf zone ecosystems. Also, two strategically different feeding habits could be distinguished between the five flatfish species. Turbot and brill mainly fed on large, highly mobile prey (e.g. fish, mysids) and had a rather narrow prey spectrum, whereas plaice, dab and sole ate more benthic prey (e.g. Polychaetes) and had a broader prey spectrum.

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