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Meiofauna response to iceberg disturbance on the Antarctic continental shelf at Kapp Norvegia (Weddell Sea)
Lee, H.J.; Gerdes, D.; Vanhove, S.; Vincx, M. (2001). Meiofauna response to iceberg disturbance on the Antarctic continental shelf at Kapp Norvegia (Weddell Sea), in: (2001). VLIZ Coll. Rep. 31(2001). VLIZ Collected Reprints: Marine and Coastal Research in Flanders, 31: pp. chapter 43
In: (2001). VLIZ Coll. Rep. 31(2001). VLIZ Collected Reprints: Marine and Coastal Research in Flanders, 31. Flanders Marine Institute (VLIZ): Oostende, more
In: VLIZ Collected Reprints: Marine and Coastal Research in Flanders. Vlaams Instituut voor de Zee: Oostende. ISSN 1376-3822, more

Also published as
  • Lee, H.J.; Gerdes, D.; Vanhove, S.; Vincx, M. (2001). Meiofauna response to iceberg disturbance on the Antarctic continental shelf at Kapp Norvegia (Weddell Sea). Polar Biol. 24(12): 926-933, more
  • Lee, H.J.; Gerdes, D.; Vanhove, S.; Vincx, M. (2002). Meiofauna response to iceberg disturbance on the Antarctic continental shelf at Kapp Norvegia (Weddell Sea), in: Arntz, W.E. et al. (Ed.) (2002). Ecological studies in the Antarctic sea ice zone: results of EASIZ Midterm Symposium. pp. 202-209, more

Keywords
    Colonization; Ecosystem disturbance; Iceberg scouring; Icebergs; Meiofauna; Population dynamics; Nematoda [WoRMS]; PSW, Weddell Sea [Marine Regions]; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Lee, H.J.
  • Gerdes, D.
  • Vanhove, S., more
  • Vincx, M., more

Abstract
    The impact of iceberg scouring on meiofauna communities, especially nematodes, was studied on the Kapp Norvegia shelf in the Weddell Sea, Antarctica. Three stations with different stages of recolonisation following scour were selected on the basis of seafloor video images, sediment characteristics and faunal occurrences. These stations comprised a fresh scour, an older scour, and an undisturbed control site where a sponge spicule mat covered the sediment with dense epifauna. Meiofaunal abundance and taxonomic diversity of meiofauna groups were significantly reduced in the fresh scour. The highest abundance and diversity were found in the older scour as compared with the undisturbed site. The abundance and diversity of nematodes also decreased due to scouring. The abundance in the older scour recovered to the level of the undisturbed site whereas the diversity remained low. Scouring also changed the nematode community structure, with the suborders Desmoscolecina and Leptolaimina as the most sensitive groups. In addition, scouring resulted in the decrease of selective deposit feeders and the Maturity Index. The low diversity and the change in nematode generic composition in the older scour compared with the undisturbed site, despite the complete recovery in terms of abundance, suggest that the deep continental shelf nematode community in this area is sensitive to iceberg disturbance.

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