IMIS | Flanders Marine Institute
 

Flanders Marine Institute

Platform for marine research

IMIS

Publications | Institutes | Persons | Datasets | Projects | Maps
[ report an error in this record ]basket (0): add | show Printer-friendly version

Interaction between solar orientation and landscape visibility in Talitrus saltator (Crustacea: Amphipoda)
Ugolini, A.; Scapini, F.; Pardi, L. (1986). Interaction between solar orientation and landscape visibility in Talitrus saltator (Crustacea: Amphipoda). Mar. Biol. (Berl.) 90: 449-460
In: Marine Biology. Springer: Heidelberg; Berlin. ISSN 0025-3162, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in Authors 

Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Ugolini, A.
  • Scapini, F.
  • Pardi, L.

Abstract
    A series of experiments on the littoral amphipod Talitrus saltator (Montagu) was carried out between April and September, 1978-1981, both under natural conditions and inland with artificial landscapes of different heights on the horizon, in order to assess the visual importance of the landscape in zonal orientation in populations from the Mediterranean coast, and to determine interactions between solar orientation and orientation based on the landscape. Inland, orientation in controls (permitting only vision of the sky and the sun) was compared to that of the experimental individuals, who could see a simulated landscape positioned landwards to them and seawards. In nature, sandhoppers released in a level arena with the landscape screened from view were compared with others released in an unscreened arena and on the sand in absolutely natural conditions. Situations where solar orientation contradicted local cues were produced both by releasing the sandhoppers on a shore diversely orientated to their own, and by shifting their internal clock by nine hours. Results show that T. saltator uses the landscape as a cue in its orientation towards the sea, in conjunction with solar orientation; the latter being the principal factor involved even when the sandhoppers are separated from the 'local optical factor' in the sky (in trials at a distance from the sea). In fact, with the artificial landscape set seawards, none of the populations we studied showed any orientation based on the landscape comparable in accuracy to orientation based exclusively on the sun. From the experiments carried out in natural conditions, it is possible to deduce that conflicting conditions gave rise to two types of results: deviation from the mean direction and an increase in dispersion, up to total dispersion when the local factors were in total contrast to solar orientation (clock-shifted sand hoppers released on the sand).

All data in IMIS is subject to the VLIZ privacy policy Top | Authors