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Surface chlorophyll in the Black Sea over 1978-1986 derived from satellite and in situ data
Kopelevich, O.V.; Sheberstov, S.V.; Yunev, O.; Basturk, O.; Finenko, Z.Z.; Nikonov, S.; Vedernikov, V.I. (2002). Surface chlorophyll in the Black Sea over 1978-1986 derived from satellite and in situ data. J. Mar. Syst. 36(3-4): 145-160. dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0924-7963(02)00184-7
In: Journal of Marine Systems. Elsevier: Tokyo; Oxford; New York; Amsterdam. ISSN 0924-7963, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 

Keywords
    Chlorophylls; Photosynthetic pigments; Satellite sensing; Seasonal variations; Spatial variations; Statistical analysis; Water colour; MED, Black Sea [Marine Regions]; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Kopelevich, O.V.
  • Sheberstov, S.V.
  • Yunev, O.
  • Basturk, O.
  • Finenko, Z.Z.
  • Nikonov, S.
  • Vedernikov, V.I.

Abstract
    Absolute values of chlorophyll a concentration and its spatial and seasonal variations in the Black Sea were assessed by using satellite CZCS and in situ data. Since the satellite CZCS had operated for the 1978-1986 period, CZCS data was used for assessing the past state of the Black Sea just before the onset of drastic changes observed in late 1980s. The approach used for the calculation of the absolute values of chlorophyll a concentration from CZCS data was based on the direct comparison of in situ chlorophyll a data and those of CZCS and by applying the algorithm developed for the transformation of CZCS data into chlorophyll a values. CZCS Level 2 data related with pigment concentration having a spatial resolution of 1 km at nadir were used. The daily Level 3 files were derived by binning Level 2 values into 4-km grid cells and the monthly and seasonal Level 3 files were created by averaging the daily Level 3 files over the corresponding period. In situ chlorophyll a data were obtained by spectrophotometric and fluorometric methods in 15 scientific cruises over the 1978-1986 period. Total number of ship-measured data used for the comparison with those CZCS values was 590. Chlorophyll a concentration (Chl) was derived from CZCS values (C) with regression equations Chl=kC; the coefficient of transformation k was calculated from six different data sets by taking into account distinctions between subregions and seasons. The reasons for difference in the k values have been analyzed. Statistical comparison of the chlorophyll a values measured in situ and those derived from CZCS data was based on log-transformed data and gave the following results: regression SLOPE=0.842, regression INTERCEPT=−0.081, coefficient of determination (R2)=0.806, root-mean-square ERROR=0.195. The mean monthly chlorophyll a distributions derived from CZCS data over 1978-1986 have been constructed and the mean seasonal chlorophyll a values in different regions have been calculated and analyzed. The significant difference in chlorophyll concentration between the western shelf regions and the open part of the Black Sea has been demonstrated, especially in warm season. At almost all seasons, the highest chlorophyll concentration is observed in the western interior shelf region which is under strong influence of Danube. The summer mean chlorophyll concentration in this region is ~18 times higher than that in the open parts and about nine times higher than in the eastern shelf region. The greatest seasonal variations are observed in the open part of the Black Sea: chlorophyll concentration in cold season is four to six times higher than in summer and three to five times higher than in April and October. To the contrary, in the western interior shelf regions, the concentration is higher in May-October (about twice than that in November-March). Seasonal variations in the western outer shelf regions are smoothed out as compared with both the western interior shelf and the open regions.

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