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Diet composition and intra-specific competition of young Greenland halibut around southern Greenland
Woll, A.K.; Gundersen, A.C. (2004). Diet composition and intra-specific competition of young Greenland halibut around southern Greenland, in: Geffen, A.J. et al. (Ed.) Proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium on Flatfish Ecology, Part II. Port Erin, Isle of Man, 3-7 November 2002. Journal of Sea Research, 51(3-4): pp. 243-249
In: Geffen, A.J.; Nash, R.D.M.; van der Veer, H.W. (Ed.) (2004). Proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium on Flatfish Ecology, Part II. Port Erin, Isle of Man, 3-7 November 2002. Journal of Sea Research, 51(3-4). Elsevier: Amsterdam. 167-338 pp., more
In: Journal of Sea Research. Elsevier/Netherlands Institute for Sea Research: Amsterdam; Den Burg. ISSN 1385-1101, more
Peer reviewed article  

Also published as
  • Woll, A.K.; Gundersen, A.C. (2004). Diet composition and intra-specific competition of young Greenland halibut around southern Greenland. J. Sea Res. 51(Spec. Issue 3-4): 243-249. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.seares.2003.08.003, more

Available in  Authors 
    VLIZ: Proceedings [59044]

Keywords
    Diet; Dietary deficiencies; Greenland halibut; Juveniles; Predator prey interactions; Predators; Reinhardtius hippoglossoides (Walbaum, 1792) [WoRMS]; PN, Greenland [Marine Regions]; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Woll, A.K.
  • Gundersen, A.C.

Abstract
    This paper focuses on young Greenland halibut as a predator, aiming to investigate whether particular prey items dominated the stomach contents of particular length groups of the predators, and whether distribution between areas affected the diet composition. It also investigates possible cannibalistic behaviour and intra-specific competition. A total of 665 stomachs were sampled from Greenland halibut in the length range 15-65 cm; the majority in the length range 20-49 cm (91.4%). Of the stomachs collected 35.2% were empty. Main prey items in the stomachs were species of Crustacea and Teleostei. The occurrence of species of Teleostei was significantly higher in southeast than in southwest Greenland. Of the Teleostei, polar cod was the most abundant prey in stomachs collected in southeast Greenland and capelin in the southwest. Analyses of bycatch in the gillnets indicated that Greenland halibut preferred capelin when this prey was present. The occurrence of Crustacea was higher in the southwest than in the southeast, and main prey items were Natantia, Mysidacea, Amphipoda and Hyperiidae. Natantia seemed to be a more important prey for the largest length group of Greenland halibut analysed. The results from the stomach analyses indicate that cannibalism is a minor problem for Greenland halibut in these waters.

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