|Biological impact of eutrophication in the bay of Somme and the induction and impact of anoxia|
Desprez, M.; Rybarczyk, H.; Wilson, J.G.; Ducrotoy, J.-P.; Sueur, F.; Olivesi, R.; Elkaim, B. (1992). Biological impact of eutrophication in the bay of Somme and the induction and impact of anoxia. Neth. J. Sea Res. 30: 149-159
In: Netherlands Journal of Sea Research. Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ): Groningen; Den Burg. ISSN 0077-7579, more
|Also published as |
- Desprez, M.; Rybarczyk, H.; Wilson, J.G.; Ducrotoy, J.-P.; Sueur, F.; Olivesi, R.; Elkaim, B. (1992). Biological impact of eutrophication in the bay of Somme and the induction and impact of anoxia, in: Heip, C.H.R. et al. (Ed.) Proceedings of the 26th European Marine Biology Symposium: Biological Effects of Disturbances on Estuarine and Coastal Marine Environments, 17-21 September 1991, Yerseke, The Netherlands. Netherlands Journal of Sea Research, 30: pp. 149-159, more
|Authors|| || Top |
- Desprez, M.
- Rybarczyk, H., more
- Wilson, J.G.
- Ducrotoy, J.-P., more
- Sueur, F.
- Olivesi, R.
- Elkaim, B.
The first effects of eutrophication in the Bay of Somme became apparent in the years 1982-1985, when the cockle population collapsed. Areas of high mortality were mapped. Following exceptionally high summer temperatures, other effects were seen in 1982, 1983 and 1989, notably a mass mortality of the benthos. It appeared that the mortality of the benthos was a direct result of anoxia in the water promoted by phytoplankton blooms which were due to high nitrogen levels (nitrates from river and land runoff; ammonium from estuarine bivalve populations). Effects from the change in the benthic community (the disappearance of Cerastoderma edule and the proliferation of Pygospio elegans) were also apparent higher up in the food chain, viz. changes in the diet of the two main predators of the bivalve, the oystercatcher (Haematopus ostralegus) and the common gull (Larus canus). Following respirometry measurements of the water, sediment and the major macrobenthic species (Cerastoderma edule, Macoma balthica, Nereis diversicolor, Hydrobia ulvae), a model for anoxia was constructed.