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Homology between the recessus lateralis and cephalic sensory canals, with the proposition of additional synapomorphies for the Clupeiformes and the Clupeoidei
Di Dario, F. (2004). Homology between the recessus lateralis and cephalic sensory canals, with the proposition of additional synapomorphies for the Clupeiformes and the Clupeoidei. Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 141(2): 257-270
In: Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. Academic Press: London. ISSN 0024-4082, more
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    Marine

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  • Di Dario, F.

Abstract
    The recessus lateralis, a complex structure in the otic region of the skull that is probably associated with detection and analysis of small vibrational pressures and displacements, is widely recognized as a synapomorphy of the Clupeiformes. The Clupeiformes includes the Denticipitoidei, with one living species, Denticeps clupeoides, and the Clupeoidei, with about 360 living species commonly known as herrings and anchovies. Comparisons between details of the recessus lateralis of the Clupeoidei and Denticipitoidei, and the sensory cephalic canals of other teleosts, lead to hypotheses of a series of transformations of the cephalic sensory canals. Treating that complex as a single binary ‘presence vs. absence’ character as was traditional practice obscures important phylogenetically informative variation. Specific synapomorphies in that system exist for the Clupeiformes and the Clupeoidei. Hypothesized synapomorphies in the recessus lateralis for the Clupeiformes are the presence of a dilated internal temporal sensory canal in the pterotic, a postorbital branch of the supraorbital sensory canal located in a bony groove in the lateral wing of the frontal, and the terminal portions of preopercular and infraorbital sensory canals closely positioned. Hypothesized synapomorphies for the Clupeoidei are the presence of a postorbital branch of the supraorbital sensory canal located deep within the body of the lateral wing of the frontal, with the distal portion of that branch totally internal on the cranium, and the expanded distal portion of the postorbital branch of the supraorbital sensory canal. The homology of the sinus temporalis of Clupeoidei, and of the dermosphenotic of both Denticeps and the Clupeoidei, with those of other teleosts is also considered.

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