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Contribution a l'étude typologique d'une lagune exposée à la pollution, la lagune de Nador (Maroc): distribution des crustacés = Contribution to the typical study of a lagoon exposed to pollution, Nador Lagoon (Morocco)
Boussalwa, E.H.; Douira, A.; Mokhtar, N. (2000). Contribution a l'étude typologique d'une lagune exposée à la pollution, la lagune de Nador (Maroc): distribution des crustacés = Contribution to the typical study of a lagoon exposed to pollution, Nador Lagoon (Morocco). Cah. Biol. Mar. 41(3): 255-263
In: Cahiers de Biologie Marine. Station Biologique de Roscoff: Paris. ISSN 0007-9723, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Boussalwa, E.H.
  • Douira, A.
  • Mokhtar, N.

Abstract
    The Nador lagoon is currently being heavily polluted from two different sources. First, an anthropogenic source by waste waters and solid wastes directly discharged on its shores causing thereby an increase of the eutrophication phenomenon. Second, a natural source related to the narrowing of its pass that prevents water mixing and increases the confining of the environment. The aim of this work is to establish a zonation of this lagoon on the basis of the distribution of the benthic crustaceans and the physico-chemical parameters. Annual mean values of principal components were used to process the physico-chemical data (salinity, depth, pH, dissolved oxygen, chlorophyll a, nitrate nitrogen, phosphorus and organic matter). This allowed us to distinguish different stations with respect to the nature of their substratum and their degree of pollution. The processing of the faunistical data was done by factorial components analysis using mean annual abundances. This led us to better visualize the distribution of the species with respect to conditions of the environment. This study shows a pronounced adaptation of crustaceans to environmental conditions prevailing in three different areas, which differ by their natural ecological conditions, associated to pollution.

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