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Seasonal variations in the physiological condition of the benthic amphipods Monoporeia affinis and Pontoporeia femorata in the Gulf of Riga (Baltic Sea)
Lehtonen, K.K. (2004). Seasonal variations in the physiological condition of the benthic amphipods Monoporeia affinis and Pontoporeia femorata in the Gulf of Riga (Baltic Sea). Aquat. Ecol. 38(3): 441-456. dx.doi.org/10.1023/b:aeco.0000035165.97619.78
In: Aquatic Ecology. Springer: Dordrecht; London; Boston. ISSN 1386-2588, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Baltic Sea; Baltic sea; Gulf of riga; Lipids; Seasonal variation; Monoporeia affinis (Lindström, 1855) [WoRMS]; Pontoporeia femorata Krøyer, 1842 [WoRMS]; ANE, Baltic, Riga Gulf [Marine Regions]; Marine

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  • Lehtonen, K.K.

Abstract
    Seasonal variations in the physiological condition of two benthic deposit-feeding amphipods were studied in two environmentally differing areas in the Gulf of Riga (Baltic Sea) with the purpose of estimating their role in benthic mineralisation. At the shallower (26 m) nearshore station,Monoporeia affinis exhibited low ammonia excretion rate (VNH+4) throughout the year. After intensive accumulation of lipids in spring, the lipid reserves of the individuals became rapidly depleted during autumn. Gravid females in winter-early spring showed exceedingly low lipid and triacylglycerol (TAG) levels compared to studies carried out in open-sea areas. Pontoporeia femorata studied at the deeper (43 m) offshore station exhibited a higher VNH+4 at all times with no significant seasonal variation. Lipid and TAG accumulated continuously until November, reaching higher levels than recorded previously for this species. Experiments showed that the temperature coefficient Q10 determined for VNH+4 is likely to depend on the recent feeding history of the amphipods. Mineralisation of nitrogen and carbon by the amphipod populations at the study sites was estimated to be 1.7-3.0 g C and 11.3-13.5 mmol NH+4 m-2 yr-1. Conclusively, both biotic and abiotic factors affect the condition of the amphipods, while the species also have genuine differences in their metabolic characteristics.

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