IMIS | Flanders Marine Institute
 

Flanders Marine Institute

Platform for marine research

IMIS

Publications | Institutes | Persons | Datasets | Projects | Maps
[ report an error in this record ]basket (0): add | show Printer-friendly version

Morphology and structure of the scales in the Gadiformes (Actinopterygii: Teleostei: Paracanthopterygii) and a comparison to the elasmoid scales of other Teleostei
Khemiri, S.; Meunier, F.J.; Laurin, M.; Zylberberg, L. (2001). Morphology and structure of the scales in the Gadiformes (Actinopterygii: Teleostei: Paracanthopterygii) and a comparison to the elasmoid scales of other Teleostei. Cah. Biol. Mar. 42(4): 345-362
In: Cahiers de Biologie Marine. Station Biologique de Roscoff: Paris. ISSN 0007-9723, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 

Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Khemiri, S.
  • Meunier, F.J.
  • Laurin, M.
  • Zylberberg, L.

Abstract
    Despite the commercial importance of the Gadiformes, many aspects of their classification are weakly established and disagreements exist on the phylogenetic relationships of various families. An attempt to determine the systematic significance of the scales is made in studying the morphology and the structure of the scales of 17 species belonging to nine families which were examined using light and electron microscopy. The scales are elasmoid and of the cycloid type in all families except in the Macrouridae in which they are of ctenoid or spinoid type. All these scales show the characteristics of typical Teleostei : they are made of acellular mineralized tissues, and the plywood-like structure of the basal plate is orthogonal or at least intermediate in Melanonus zugmayeri and Raniceps raninus. The reduction of the basal plate to only one ply in the scales of Muraenolepis orangiensis is concomitant with the reduced size of the scale. Collagen "TC" fibers crossing the plywood-like structure were only found in the basal plate of the scales of Lota lota, the only species completely confined to freshwater. A preliminary phylogenetic analysis suggests that Lota lota should be excluded from the Gadidae. The superficial ornamentations of the scales are thought to be related to the swimming. The morphological and structural characteristics of the gadiform scales could be considered at least as family-dependent.

All data in IMIS is subject to the VLIZ privacy policy Top | Authors