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The distribution of octachlorostyrene (OCS) in environmental samples from Europe
Chu, S.; Covaci, A.; Voorspoels, S.; Schepens, P. (2003). The distribution of octachlorostyrene (OCS) in environmental samples from Europe. J. Environ. Monit. 5(4): 619-625. dx.doi.org/10.1039/b304364a
In: Journal of Environmental Monitoring. The Royal Society of Chemistry: Cambridge. ISSN 1464-0325, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 
    VLIZ: Open Repository 64200 [ OMA ]

Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Chu, S.
  • Covaci, A., correspondent, more
  • Voorspoels, S., more
  • Schepens, P., more

Abstract
    Although octachlorostyrene (OCS) was never used as a commercial product, it may be produced during incineration and combustion processes involving chlorinated compounds. Its environmental spreading was evaluated through the analysis of several representative samples. OCS could not be measured in soil samples collected from urban and rural areas or sediments, but was present (up to 5.41 ng/g dry weight) in industrial soil collected near chemically polluted areas. For aquatic biota samples, the OCS concentrations in freshwater mussels ranged from <0.01 ng/g wet weight (ww) to 0.18 ng/g ww (mean 0.06 ng/g ww) and similar levels could be measured in 11 freshwater fish species from Belgium and Romania. A higher OCS contamination level was found in shrimps (mean 0.08 ng/g ww) compared to marine fish (mean 0.02 ng/g ww for bib and 0.01 ng/g ww for sole and whiting, respectively). OCS could also be measured in 19 harbour porpoise (Phocoena phocoena) liver samples with a mean value of 1.90 ng/g ww. According to these data, it could be computed that the biomagnification factor for OCS was one order of magnitude lower than that of HCB in the fish-porpoise food chain. The mean OCS concentrations in blue tits (Parus caeruleus) eggs and great tits (Parus major) adipose tissue were 1.24 ng/g ww and 3.24 ng/g ww, respectively. OCS could be measured in different tissues of hedgehog (Erinaceus europaeus), with the highest concentrations found in adipose tissue (mean 0.34 ng/g ww) and liver (mean 0.39 ng/g ww). In contrast, only low concentrations of OCS could be measured in human adipose tissue (up to 0.38 ng/g ww) and liver (up to 0.05 ng/g ww), while it could not be detected in human brain or lung. The relationship between the concentrations of OCS and HCB was also discussed for each species.

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