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Modeling the nitrogen fluxes in the Black Sea using a 3D coupled hydrodynamical-biogeochemical model: transport versus biogeochemical processes, exchanges across the shelf break and comparison of the shelf and deep sea ecodynamics
Grégoire, M.; Beckers, J.-M. (2004). Modeling the nitrogen fluxes in the Black Sea using a 3D coupled hydrodynamical-biogeochemical model: transport versus biogeochemical processes, exchanges across the shelf break and comparison of the shelf and deep sea ecodynamics. Biogeosciences 1(1): 33-61

www.biogeosciences.net/1/33/2004/bg-1-33-2004.pdf
In: Gattuso, J.P.; Kesselmeier, J. (Ed.) Biogeosciences. Copernicus Publications: Göttingen. ISSN 1726-4170, more
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  • Grégoire, M., more
  • Beckers, J.-M., more

Abstract
    A 6-compartment biogeochemical model of nitrogen cycling and plankton productivity has been coupled with a 3D general circulation model in an enclosed environment (the Black Sea) so as to quantify and compare, on a seasonal and annual scale, the typical internal biogeochemical functioning of the shelf and of the deep sea as well as to estimate the nitrogen and water exchanges at the shelf break. Model results indicate that the annual nitrogen net export to the deep sea roughly corresponds to the annual load of nitrogen discharged by the rivers on the shelf.The model estimated vertically integrated gross annual pri- mary production is 130 9 C m-2 yr-l for the whole basin, 220g C m-2 yr-1 for the shelf and 40 g C m-2 yr-l for the central basin. In agreement with sediment trap observations, model results indicate a rapid and efficient recycling of particulate organic matter in the sub-oxic portion of the water column (60-80 m) of the open sea. More than 95% of the PON produced in the euphotic layer is recycled in the upper 100 m of the water column, 87% in the upper 80 m and 67% in the euphotic layer. The model estimates the annual export of POC towards the anoxic layer to 4 1010 mol yr-l. This POC is definitely lost for the system and represents 2% of the annual primary production of the open sea.

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