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The dynamics of microbial and herbivorous food webs in a coastal sea with special reference to intermittent nutrient supply from bottom intrusion
Nakano, S.-i.; Tomaru, Y.; Katano, T.; Kaneda, A.; Makino, W.; Nishibe, Y.; Hirose, M.; Onji, M.; Kitamura, S.-I.; Takeoka, H. (2004). The dynamics of microbial and herbivorous food webs in a coastal sea with special reference to intermittent nutrient supply from bottom intrusion. Aquat. Ecol. 38(4): 485-493. dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10452-004-0441-2
In: Aquatic Ecology. Springer: Dordrecht; London; Boston. ISSN 1386-2588, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Autotrophy; Bacteria; Diatoms; Flagella; Flagellates; Nutrients; Nutrients; Nutrients (mineral); Picoplankton; Bacteria [WoRMS]; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Nakano, S.-i.
  • Tomaru, Y.
  • Katano, T.
  • Kaneda, A.
  • Makino, W.
  • Nishibe, Y.
  • Hirose, M.
  • Onji, M.
  • Kitamura, S.-I.
  • Takeoka, H.

Abstract
    Seasonal changes in abundance of planktonic microorganisms, together with some physico-chemical variables, were monitored monthly from May 1999 to March 2002 in the surface water of a coastal bay where nutrients are mainly supplied by intermittent intrusions of deeper water (bottom intrusion). No significant bottom intrusion was detected in 1999 but large or frequent bottom intrusions were found from June to October in 2000, and again from mid-June only to late July in 2001. These results indicate that there is a different nutrient supply every year, and peaks in the abundance of dominant eukaryotic phytoplankton (diatoms and dinoflagellates) roughly corresponded to the occurrences of bottom intrusions. By contrast, there was a cyclic seasonal pattern of autotrophic picoplankton (APP) cell density, which reached maxima in August of every year at very similar levels (4.0-5.0 × 105 cells ml-1). Thus, the seasonal abundance of APP was apparently independent of the occurrence of bottom intrusions. Seasonal changes in cell densities of heterotrophic bacteria showed similar trends to the APP, and temperature-dependent growth of both was indicated. The present study suggests that the matter cycling in the bay varies as a result of shifts in the dominant food linkages, from a microbial food web to a herbivorous food web, due to intermittent nutrient supplies from bottom intrusions.

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