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Exposure patterns of perfluorooctane sulfonate in aquatic invertebrates from the western Scheldt estuary and the southern North Sea
Van de Vijver, K.I.; Hoff, P.T.; Van Dongen, W.; Esmans, E.L.; Blust, R.; De Coen, W.M. (2003). Exposure patterns of perfluorooctane sulfonate in aquatic invertebrates from the western Scheldt estuary and the southern North Sea. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 22(9): 2037-2041. dx.doi.org/10.1897/02-385
In: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. Setac Press: New York. ISSN 0730-7268, more
Peer reviewed article  

Also published as
  • Van de Vijver, K.I.; Hoff, P.T.; Van Dongen, W.; Esmans, E.L.; Blust, R.; De Coen, W.M. (2006). Exposure patterns of perfluorooctane sulfonate in aquatic invertebrates from the western Scheldt estuary and the southern North Sea, in: Van de Vijver, K.I. Blootstelling en effectevaluatie van perfluorverbindingen op mariene en estuariene organismen = Exposure and effect assessment of perfluorinated alkylated substances in marine and estuarine organisms. pp. 49-64, more

Available in Authors 
    VLIZ: Open Repository 67096 [ OMA ]

Keywords
    Estuaries; Exposure tolerance; Fluorinated hydrocarbons; Marine environment; Marine invertebrates; Pollution; Asterias rubens Linnaeus, 1758 [WoRMS]; Carcinus maenas (Linnaeus, 1758) [WoRMS]; Crangon crangon (Linnaeus, 1758) [WoRMS]; ANE, Netherlands, Westerschelde [Marine Regions]; ANE, North Sea, Southern Bight [Marine Regions]; Marine
Author keywords
    perfluorooctane sulfonic acid; aquatic invertebrates; Western Scheldtestuary; North Sea; pollution gradient

Authors  Top 
  • Van de Vijver, K.I., more
  • Hoff, P.T., more
  • Van Dongen, W.
  • Esmans, E.L.
  • Blust, R., more
  • De Coen, W.M., more

Abstract
    Over the past decades little research has been conducted on the environmental behavior and effects of fluorinated organochemicals (FOCs). Recently it has been reported that perfluorooctane sulfonic acid (PFOS) is occurring worldwide. Little is known about the PFOS levels in organisms originating from the southern North Sea and the Western Scheldt estuary. In this study, we determined, for the first time, the PFOS-exposure levels in Crangon crangon, Carcinus maenas, and Asterias rubens from these ecosystems. Concentrations on a wet-weight basis in soft tissues of shrimp, crab, and starfish ranged from 19 to 520 ng/g, from 24 to 877 ng/g, and from 9 to 176 ng/g, respectively. These results show the existence of a PFOS pollution gradient in organisms along the Western Scheldt estuary, with the highest concentrations near Antwerp. The range of PFOS levels in shrimp and crab are slightly higher in coastal regions compared with sampling sites in open water. This study shows widespread distribution of PFOS in the Belgian and Dutch marine and estuarine environment at rather high concentrations.

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