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|Endocrine disruptors in the Scheldt estuary (2)|
Monteyne, E.M.; Janssen, C.R.; Roose, P. (2005). Endocrine disruptors in the Scheldt estuary (2), in: Mees, J. et al. (Ed.) (2005). VLIZ Young Scientists' Day, Brugge, Belgium 25 February 2005: book of abstracts. VLIZ Special Publication, 20: pp. 47
In: Mees, J.; Seys, J. (Ed.) (2005). VLIZ Young Scientists' Day, Brugge, Belgium 25 February 2005: book of abstracts. VLIZ Special Publication, 20. Vlaams Instituut voor de Zee (VLIZ): Oostende. X, 129 pp., more
In: VLIZ Special Publication. Vlaams Instituut voor de Zee (VLIZ): Oostende. ISSN 1377-0950, more
Endocrine disruptors; ANE, Netherlands, Westerschelde [gazetteer]; Belgium, Zeeschelde [gazetteer]; Marine; Brackish water
The Scheldt Estuary is known as one of the more polluted estuaries in Europe (OSPAR, 2000). All major compartments of the estuary, i.e. water, suspended matter, sediments and biota, may be contaminated with chemicals such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) and organotin compounds. In the framework of the ENDIS-RISKS project, the different compartments of the estuary were sampled during the last 2 years and the concentration levels of 22 different polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), 18 polybrominated diphenylethers (PBDEs), 5 OCPs, 16 PCBs and 6 organotin compounds were determined. For the biota, mysids were selected as indicator organism for this particular ecosystem. In this group of organisms, the highest contaminant levels were found for TBT with concentrations of up to 2500µg/kg on a dry weight basis (or approx. 100µg/kg on a wet weight basis). With an ecotoxicological assessment criterium (EAC) - as established by OSPAR - of 2.4µg/kg on wet weight basis, the EAC is exceeded by a factor of 50 at some sampling stations. For the same species, the body concentrations of SPCB7 varyied from 200 to 1400µg/kg (dry weight), again exceeding the OSPAR-EAC by a factor of more than 100. OCPs and PAHs are found in quantities varying from 5 to 100µg/kg (dry weight) which is below the EAC, except for lindane (EAC 0.29µg/kg on wet weight basis).
- Chemical analysis of PAK's, Organotin, PCB's, PBDE's and organochlorine pesticides as possible endocrine disruptors in Scheldt estuary, more