|Pastures, fences, tragedies and marine reserves|
Milon, J.W. (2000). Pastures, fences, tragedies and marine reserves. Bull. Mar. Sci. 66(3): 901-916
In: Bulletin of Marine Science. University of Miami Press: Coral Gables. ISSN 0007-4977, more
|Also published as |
- Milon, J.W. (2000). Pastures, fences, tragedies and marine reserves, in: Coleman, F.C. et al. (Ed.) Essential Fish Habitat and Marine Reserves: Proceedings of the 2nd William R. and Lenore Mote International Symposium in Fisheries Ecology, November 4-6, 1998, Sarasota, Florida. Bulletin of Marine Science, 66(3): pp. 901-916, more
|Available in|| Author |
|Document type: Conference paper|
The literature on marine reserves has focused on biological effects and given little attention to the ways in which economic and governance dimensions determine the social viability of marine reserves. Here, I evaluate, in light of recent simulation model results, the bioeconomic rational for spatial access restrictions to correct a tragedy-of-the-commons problem in open-access fisheries. The analysis suggests that the most likely role for marine reserves is in management of complex, spatially differentiated, multispecies fisheries. Yet, this setting provides some of the most difficult challenges to effective governance of marine reserves. The success of marine reserves in fisheries management will depend on a careful matching of the attributes of a marine ecosystem and governance structures to create incentives for cooperation and efficiency. Recent experience in the designation of reserves for the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary illustrates the importance of stakeholder involvement and governance.