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Velocity and turbulence distribution around lotic macrophytes
Green, J.C. (2005). Velocity and turbulence distribution around lotic macrophytes. Aquat. Ecol. 39(1): 1-10
In: Aquatic Ecology. Springer: Dordrecht; London; Boston. ISSN 1386-2588, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Flow velocity; Turbulence; Ranunculus L. [WoRMS]; Fresh water

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  • Green, J.C.

Abstract
    Flow velocity and turbulence patterns were measured in and around a common lotic macrophyte, Ranunculus penicillatus subspecies pseudofluitans (stream water-crowfoot), using a two-dimensional electromagnetic current meter (EMCM). Due to the high shooting density of this species, there was a sharp velocity gradient at the plant boundary, with velocities dropping to a constantly low value after no more than 5 cm into the plant, thus forcing most of the flow over and around the macrophyte. There was a dead-water zone immediately downstream of the plant, beyond which the current moved in from the sides to allow flow under the trailing shoots. High turbulence intensities were recorded for both downstream and cross-stream velocity components at the lateral margins and downstream of the plant. Meanwhile, pulses of water upstream of the plant produced turbulence in the downstream component, but not in the cross-stream component.

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