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Periphyton-macroinvertebrate interactions in light and fish manipulated enclosures in a clear and a turbid shallow lake
Liboriussen, L.; Jeppesen, E.; Bramm, M.E.; Lassen, M.F. (2005). Periphyton-macroinvertebrate interactions in light and fish manipulated enclosures in a clear and a turbid shallow lake. Aquat. Ecol. 39(1): 23-39
In: Aquatic Ecology. Springer: Dordrecht; London; Boston. ISSN 1386-2588, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Benthos; Grazing; Phytobenthos

Authors  Top 
  • Liboriussen, L.
  • Jeppesen, E.
  • Bramm, M.E.
  • Lassen, M.F.

Abstract
    In a clear and a turbid freshwater lake the biomasses of phytoplankton, periphytic a1gae and periphytonassociated macrograzers were followed in enclosures with and without fish (Rutilus rutilus) and four light levels (100%, 55%, 7% and < 1% of incoming light), respectively. Fish and light affected the biomass of primary producers and the benthic grazers in both lakes. The biomass of primary producers was generally higher in the turbid than the clear lake, and in both lakes fish positively affected the biomass, while shading reduced it. Total biomass of benthic grazing invertebrates was higher in the clear than in the turbid lake and the lakes were dominated by snails and chironomids + ostracods, respectively. While light had no effect on the biomass of grazers in the clear lake, snail breeding was delayed in the most shaded enclosures and presence of fish reduced the number of snails and the total biomass of grazers. In the turbid lake ostracod abundance was not influenced by light, but was higher in fish-free enclosures. Density of chironomids correlated positively with periphyton biomass in summer, while fish had no effect. Generally, light-mediated regulation of primary producers was stronger in the turbid than in the clear lake, but the regulation did not unambiguously influence the primary consumers. However, regulation by fish of the benthic grazer community was stronger in the clear than in the turbid lake, and in both lakes strong top-down effects on periphyton were seen. The results indicate that if present-day climate in Denmark in the future is found in coastal areas at higher latitudes, the effect of lower light during winter in such areas will be highest in clear lakes, with typically lower fish biomass and higher invertebrate grazer density.

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