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Effect of dietary lipid level on growth performance, feed utilization and body composition of grouper Epinephelus coioides juveniles fed isonitrogenous diets in floating netcages
Luo, Z.; Liu, Y.-J.; Mai, K.; Tian, L.-X.; Liu, D.-H.; Tan, X.-Y.; Lin, H.Z. (2005). Effect of dietary lipid level on growth performance, feed utilization and body composition of grouper Epinephelus coioides juveniles fed isonitrogenous diets in floating netcages. Aquacult. Int. 13(3): 257-269. dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10499-004-2478-6
In: Aquaculture International. Springer: London. ISSN 0967-6120, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in Authors 

Keywords
    Abnormalities; Body composition; Growth; Epinephelus coioides (Hamilton, 1822) [WoRMS]; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Luo, Z.
  • Liu, Y.-J.
  • Mai, K.
  • Tian, L.-X.
  • Liu, D.-H.
  • Tan, X.-Y.
  • Lin, H.Z.

Abstract
    An experiment was conducted to determine the effect of dietary lipid levels on growth performance and body composition of grouper Epinephelus coioides juveniles cultured in floating netcages (1.5 m × 1 m × 1.5 m). Six isonitrogenous diets (53% dietary protein) with increasing dietary lipid concentration (5.16, 7.38, 9.73, 12.36, 14.13, 16.04% of dry material, DM) were fed to satiation to triplicate groups of 20 fish (mean weight: 10.9 ± 0.1 g) for 56 days. Dietary energy levels were 300, 322, 340, 371, 382, 400 kcal/100 g DM, respectively. Fish fed the 9L diet had the highest weight gain (WG) and specific growth rate (SGR), but they were not significantly different from that of fish fed the 7L or 12L diet (p > 0.05). FI varied inversely with dietary lipid levels. The poorest FCR and the lowest PER were observed in fish fed the 5L diet but these parameters showed no significant differences (p > 0.05) for fish fed the dietary lipid level ranging from 9 to 16%. Nitrogen intake decreased with dietary lipid levels. Fish fed the 7L diet showed the highest N gain, which was not markedly different from that of fish fed the 9L and 12L diets (p > 0.05). N retention was significantly lower in fish fed the 5L diet than in the other groups. Lipid intake and lipid gain increased with dietary lipid levels. Lipid retention (%) of the 7L diet was lowest but showed no significant differences among other treatments (p > 0.05). Proximate composition of fish body was significantly affected by dietary lipid level (p < 0.05). Body lipid content increased in direct proportion to dietary lipid levels. In contrast, moisture content of whole-body was correlated negatively to dietary lipid level. Dietary lipid content had no significant effect on protein content in whole-body and white muscle (p > 0.05). Condition factor (CF), hepatosomatic index (HSI) and viscerosomatic index (VSI) increased with increasing dietary lipid level. Based on second-order polynomial regression analysis of WG against dietary lipid level, a breakpoint of 10.0% was indicated to be the optimal dietary lipid concentration for maximum growth for grouper Epinephelus coioides juveniles cultured in floating netcages.

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