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Farming evaluation of the "brownbow" triploid hybrid (Oncorhynchus mykiss x Salmo trutta)
Blanc, J.M.; Maunas, P. (2005). Farming evaluation of the "brownbow" triploid hybrid (Oncorhynchus mykiss x Salmo trutta). Aquacult. Int. 13(3): 271-281
In: Aquaculture International. Springer: London. ISSN 0967-6120, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Aquaculture; Genetics; Growth; Hybridization; Survival; Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum, 1792) [WoRMS]; Salmo trutta Linnaeus, 1758 [WoRMS]; Salmonidae Jarocki or Schinz, 1822 [WoRMS]; Fresh water

Authors  Top 
  • Blanc, J.M.
  • Maunas, P.

Abstract
    Triploid hybrids between female rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss Walbaum) and male brown trout (Salmo trutta L.) were tested for farming performances, with reference to parental species. The main drawback of hybrids lay in embryonic and larval mortalities, amounting to 60% on average, and displaying a large variability between spawns. Further survival was inferior to that of diploid, but similar to that of triploid rainbow trout. Hybrid body weight was intermediate between weights of rainbow and brown trout of the same age, mainly as a consequence of differences in precocious growth. Analysis of relative growth rates from 6 to 18 months showed that hybrids were surpassed by rainbow controls in common rearing, but not in separate rearing. Hybrid behaviour was similar to that of rainbow trout. These results are discussed in the scope of providing fisheries managers with original and sterile game fishes.

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