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Sulfur accumulation in eelgrass (Zostera marina) and effect of sulfur on eelgrass growth
Holmer, M.; Frederiksen, M.; Møllegaard, H. (2005). Sulfur accumulation in eelgrass (Zostera marina) and effect of sulfur on eelgrass growth. Aquat. Bot. 81(4): 367-379.
In: Aquatic Botany. Elsevier Science: Tokyo; Oxford; New York; London; Amsterdam. ISSN 0304-3770, more
Peer reviewed article  

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    Zostera (Zostera) marina Linnaeus, 1753 [WoRMS]; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Holmer, M.
  • Frederiksen, M.
  • Møllegaard, H.

    Eelgrass (Zostera marina) was grown under exposure to high levels of sediment sulfides to examine their ability to reoxidize sulfides intruding into the plants. The plants were kept under full light (control and high sulfide level) and at 10% of light saturation (high sulfide level) for 3 weeks and growth and accumulation of elemental sulfur (S0) in the plants were examined. The growth rate was reduced with 75% in the low light treatment, whereas there was no significant difference between the rates at full light saturation. S0 was accumulating in the below-ground structures of the plants exposed to high sulfide concentrations with highest concentration in the youngest roots and oldest internodes. There was no accumulation of S0 in the leaves, suggesting that the intruding sulfides were reoxidized in the below-ground structures before reaching the leaves. The accumulation of S0 was higher in the roots of the low light treatment (up to two times) suggesting a larger intrusion of sulfides. These plants also appeared highly affected by the treatment with rotting meristems and increased mortality after the 3-week growth period. These results are the first to show an accumulation of sulfur compounds internally in seagrasses as a result of reoxidation of sulfides. The reoxidation is facilitated by the internal transport of oxygen and is an example of the advantage of the internal lacunae system in seagrasses.

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