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Growth limitation of Lemna minor due to high plant density
Driever, S.M.; van Nes, E.H.; Roijackers, R.M.M. (2005). Growth limitation of Lemna minor due to high plant density. Aquat. Bot. 81(3): 245-251.
In: Aquatic Botany. Elsevier Science: Tokyo; Oxford; New York; London; Amsterdam. ISSN 0304-3770, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 

    Biomass; Crowding; Density dependence; Growth rate; Models; Population density; Lemna minor; Lemnaceae Gray [WoRMS]; Netherlands [Marine Regions]; Fresh water
Author keywords
    Lemnaceae; crowding; biomass; growth rate; model; inverse densitydependence

Authors  Top 
  • Driever, S.M.
  • van Nes, E.H.
  • Roijackers, R.M.M.

    The effect of high population densities on the growth rate of Lemna minor (L.) was studied under laboratory conditions at 23°C in a medium with sufficient nutrients. At high population densities, we found a non-linear decreasing growth rate with increasing L. minor density. Above a L. minor biomass of ca. 180 g dry weight (DW) m-2, the net growth rate became negative. At a density of 9 g DW m-2, a maximum relative growth rate of ca. 0.3 d-1 was found. At very low densities (<9 g m -2), we observed an inverse density dependence (or Allee effect). Probably, this lower growth rate was due to lower local temperatures within such partly covered L. minor decks. On the basis of these experimental results and literature data, a simple model was created. To test the model, the density of duckweed in three different Dutch ditches was monitored for 9 weeks in spring. Within this period, full coverage of the ditches by duckweed was reached. The maximum density increased with rising air temperature. The model described the field data well, suggesting that crowding is an important factor in limitation of duckweed growth.

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