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Spatial patterns in aquatic vegetation composition and environmental covariates along chains of lakes in the Kokemäenjoki watershed (S. Finland)
Mäkelä, S.; Huitu, E.; Arvola, L. (2004). Spatial patterns in aquatic vegetation composition and environmental covariates along chains of lakes in the Kokemäenjoki watershed (S. Finland). Aquat. Bot. 80(4): 253-269. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aquabot.2004.08.006
In: Aquatic Botany. Elsevier Science: Tokyo; Oxford; New York; London; Amsterdam. ISSN 0304-3770, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Lakes; Species diversity; Vegetation cover; Finland, Evo; Finland, South [Marine Regions]

Authors  Top 
  • Mäkelä, S.
  • Huitu, E.
  • Arvola, L.

Abstract
    The diversity and community structure of macrophyte vegetation was studied in 50 boreal lakes forming several upper reaches of lake chains around Lammi, southern Finland. Water chemical parameters and morphometry of the basins were included in a multivariate analysis. Floating-leaved vegetation was the dominant growth form, followed by emergent plants. In downstream lakes, the dominance of floating-leaved macrophytes declined, and emergent species increased in abundance. Species richness was highest in larger lakes, with a wider range of littoral habitats than smaller lakes. Electrical conductivity (range 18–151 mS cm−1, 25 °C) of the water correlated well with patterns in diversity among lakes, but this was not the case for nutrient concentrations. As a whole, morphometrical characteristics of lake basins showed better correlations with vegetation structure than any of the measured chemical parameters. The macrophyte vegetation of neighbouring lake chains differed considerably, depending on the surrounding landscape properties, water quality of the lakes and immigration history of plant species.

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