IMIS | Flanders Marine Institute
 

Flanders Marine Institute

Platform for marine research

IMIS

Publications | Institutes | Persons | Datasets | Projects | Maps
[ report an error in this record ]basket (0): add | show Printer-friendly version

Nematode community structure along the continental slope off the Kenyan coast, western Indian Ocean
Muthumbi, A.W.; Vanreusel, A.; Duineveld, G.; Soetaert, K.; Vincx, M. (2004). Nematode community structure along the continental slope off the Kenyan coast, western Indian Ocean. Int. Rev. Hydrobiol. 89(2): 188-205. dx.doi.org/10.1002/iroh.200310689
In: International Review of Hydrobiology. Wiley: Weinheim. ISSN 1434-2944, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors | Dataset 
    VLIZ: Open Repository 72210 [ OMA ]

Keywords
    Continental slope; Density; Genera; Species diversity; Nematoda [WoRMS]; Marine
Author keywords
    continental slope; marine nematodes; density; genera composition Kenyan coast

Authors  Top | Dataset 
  • Muthumbi, A.W., more
  • Vanreusel, A., more
  • Duineveld, G., more

Abstract
    Metazoan meiofauna and in particular nematode densities, diversity, community structure were studied in relation to water depth (20 m, 50 m, 500 m, 1000 m and 2000 m) along four bathymetric transects in the Western Indian Ocean off the Kenyan coast. Nematode densities ranged between 276–944 ind./10 cm2, which is comparable to values from other oligotrophic areas in the world. Densities was correlated with oxygen concentrations in the overlying water, since they were lowest at mid-depth (500–1000 m) coinciding with the minimum oxygen level. Nematode community structure (at genus level) resembles communities found in temperate slope regions, which are also characterized by a low productivity. The community structure showed correlations with sediment composition, water depth and oxygen levels in the overlying water. Sediment composition was mainly important at the shelf where nematodes separated into a silty sediment-dwelling community with high abundances of Daptonema, Dorylaimopsis,Terschellingia and Halalaimus, and a sandy sediment-dwelling community characterised by high abundances of Microlaimus and Halalaimus. The genera Monhystera, Acantholaimus, Sabatieria, Molgolaimus and Halalaimus dominated the slope communities. The characteristic deep-sea taxa, the monhysterids and Acantholaimus increased in relative abundance with increasing depth, to become dominant at the lower slope (2000 m). The upper (500 m) and mid-slope (1000 m), which coincided with the lowest oxygen concentrations, were colonised by Sabatieria, a genus that is known to inhabit suboxic sediments. Diversity at the level of the genera showed an unimodal trend along the sampled gradient, with highest values at mid-depth (500 m). Although the oxygen minimum at mid depths is much less pronounced than in adjacent areas, the results of this study suggest an impact on the present communities.

Dataset
  • Size Indian Nematodes, more

All data in IMIS is subject to the VLIZ privacy policy Top | Authors | Dataset