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Shell colour polymorphism in the chiton Ischnochiton striolatus (Gray, 1828) (Mollusca: Polyplacophora) and habitat heterogeneity
Gonçalves Rodrigues, L.T.; Absalão, R.S. (2005). Shell colour polymorphism in the chiton Ischnochiton striolatus (Gray, 1828) (Mollusca: Polyplacophora) and habitat heterogeneity. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 85(4): 543-548.
In: Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. Academic Press: London; New York. ISSN 0024-4066, more
Peer reviewed article  

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    Crypsis; Marine molluscs; Polymorphism; Polymorphism; Ischnochiton (Ischnochiton) striolatus (Gray, 1828) [WoRMS]; Mollusca [WoRMS]; Polyplacophora [WoRMS]; ASW, Brazil, Rio de Janeiro [Marine Regions]; Marine

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  • Gonçalves Rodrigues, L.T.
  • Absalão, R.S.

    Shell colour polymorphism was examined in a population of the polyplacophoran Ischnochiton striolatus (Gray, 1828) living on intertidal rocks in Búzios, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Nine shell colours were identified: green (most common), grey, pink, cream, brown, orange, white, black and purple. The species habitat was also examined using three rock characteristics: volume; turnover frequency, caused by hydrodynamic disturbance; and chromatic composition. Chitons were most frequently encountered on the undersides of rocks of intermediate volume which experienced medium-intensity hydrodynamic disturbance, and which harboured a chromatically rich biotic community. These findings were in agreement with the Intermediate Disturbance Hypothesis. As chitons depend on the biotic community on rocks for food and shelter, a greater variety of colours could increase the chances of camouflage of the morphs against the background, favouring crypsis. It is likely that the frequency at which intermediate-volume rocks are overturned thus exposing the chitons on them to light would be sufficient for visual predators to act as selective agents.

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