|Duinstruwelen in de Manteling van Walcheren, een recent fenomeen?|
van Haperen, A. (2002). Duinstruwelen in de Manteling van Walcheren, een recent fenomeen? Levende Nat. 103(3): 82-86
In: De Levende Natuur: tijdschrift voor Natuurbehoud en Natuurbeheer. Stichting De Levende Natuur: Oosterbeek; Amsterdam; 's-Graveland. ISSN 0024-1520, more
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At present almost 50% of the northern dune area of the former Island Walcheren (SW Netherlands) is covered by scrubland. Most of this however developed in the last decades. In the early Middle Ages the dunes of Walcheren were relatively densely inhabited by men and the dunes were very actively moving then. Large parts of the present dunes developed since the 17th century. Up to the 20th century dunes were used for cattle grazing and (locally) cutting wood. Locally pioneer scrubland with Salix repens and Hippophae rhamnoides did develop, but this did not mature to older scrubland over a large area. This changed after the Second World War. At present mature scrubland with Crataegus monogyna and Betula species is very common. In comparison to dune scrubs elsewhere in the Netherlands (Voorne, N. & S. Holland) the dune scrubs on Walcheren are characterised both by the absence or relative scarcity of several species (e.g. Rhamnus catharticus, Evonymus europaeus, Asparagus officinalis, Inula conyza) and by the presence of same Bramble species (e.g. Rubus ulmifolius, Rubus elegantispinosus).