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Effect of clay and organic matter type on the ecotoxicity of zinc and cadmium to the potworm Enchytraeus albidus
Lock, K.; Janssen, C.R. (2001). Effect of clay and organic matter type on the ecotoxicity of zinc and cadmium to the potworm Enchytraeus albidus. Chemosphere 44(8): 1669-1672. dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0045-6535(00)00565-8
In: Chemosphere. Elsevier: Oxford. ISSN 0045-6535, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Bioavailability; Cadmium; Clay; Ecotoxicology; Heavy metals; Organic matter; Soil pollution; Toxicity; Zinc; Enchytraeidae Vejdovský, 1879 [WoRMS]; Enchytraeus albidus Henle, 1837 [WoRMS]
Author keywords
    bioavailability; artificial soil; toxicity data; Zn; Cd

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Abstract
    Clay and organic matter are considered as important parameters influencing bioavailability and ecotoxicity of metals in soils. As there exists a large variation in the type of clay and organic matter in field soils, the quantity of these variables alone may not be good indicators of metal bioavailability. To test this hypothesis, toxicity experiments with the potworm Enchytraeus albidus were conducted in artificial soils with three types of clay and seven types of organic matter, while the soil pH was kept constant. The 14d LC50 of zinc and cadmium varied from 83.0 to 1140 mg Zn/kg D.W. and from 55.2 to 704 mg Cd/kg D.W., respectively, depending on the type of clay and organic matter that were used. Simultaneous measurements of the cation exchange capacity showed that this soil parameter is a better indicator of the bioavailability as it takes into account the type of clay and organic matter as well as other adsorption phases such as metal oxyhydroxides.

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