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Effects of metal contamination on the activity and diversity of carabid beetles in an ancient Pb-Zn mining area at Plombières (Belgium)
Lock, K.; Desender, K.; Janssen, C.R. (2001). Effects of metal contamination on the activity and diversity of carabid beetles in an ancient Pb-Zn mining area at Plombières (Belgium). Entomol. exp. appl. (Print) 99(3): 355-360. hdl.handle.net/10.1046/j.1570-7458.2001.00835.x
In: Entomologia experimentalis et applicata. Nederlandse Entomologische Vereniging: Amsterdam. ISSN 0013-8703 , more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Bioavailability; Exposure; Zinc; Carabidae [WoRMS]

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Abstract
    Carabid beetles were monthly sampled with pitfall traps in the ancient Pb-Zn mining area of Plombières during one year. Based on the total soil concentrations of lead, zinc, cadmium and copper, it was expected that zinc would probably have the most adverse effects on the populations. Activity and species richness of carabid beetles were, however, not significantly correlated with total zinc concentration nor with the water soluble and the calciumchloride extractable concentration. In fact, despite the high soil concentrations, carabid beetles did not seem to be affected in the study area. The apparent lack of effects at the high observed zinc concentrations is probably caused by the low bioavailability of zinc to the beetles in the litter of the study sites which was also reflected in the low observed water soluble zinc concentrations.

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