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A demonstration of ensemble-based assimilation methods with a layered OGCM from the perspective of operational ocean forecasting systems
Brusdal, K.; Brankart, J.-M.; Halberstadt, G.; Evensen, G.; Brasseur, P.; van Leeuwen, P.J.; Dombrowsky, E.; Verron, J. (2003). A demonstration of ensemble-based assimilation methods with a layered OGCM from the perspective of operational ocean forecasting systems. J. Mar. Syst. 40-41: 253-289. dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0924-7963(03)00021-6
In: Journal of Marine Systems. Elsevier: Tokyo; Oxford; New York; Amsterdam. ISSN 0924-7963, more
Peer reviewed article  

Also published as
  • Brusdal, K.; Brankart, J.-M.; Halberstadt, G.; Evensen, G.; Brasseur, P.; van Leeuwen, P.J.; Dombrowsky, E.; Verron, J. (2003). A demonstration of ensemble-based assimilation methods with a layered OGCM from the perspective of operational ocean forecasting systems, in: Grégoire, M. et al. (Ed.) The use of data assimilation in coupled hydrodynamic, ecological and bio-geo-chemical models of the ocean. Selected papers from the 33rd International Liege Colloquium on Ocean Dynamics, held in Liege, Belgium on May 7-11th, 2001. Journal of Marine Systems, 40-41: pp. 253-289. dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0924-7963(03)00021-6, more

Available in  Authors 
Document type: Conference paper

Keywords

Authors  Top 
  • Brusdal, K.
  • Brankart, J.-M.
  • Halberstadt, G.
  • Evensen, G.
  • Brasseur, P.
  • van Leeuwen, P.J.
  • Dombrowsky, E.
  • Verron, J.

Abstract
    A demonstration study of three advanced, sequential data assimilation methods, applied with the nonlinear Miami Isopycnic Coordinate Ocean Model (MICOM), has been performed within the European Commission-funded DIADEM project. The data assimilation techniques considered are the Ensemble Kalman Filter (EnKF), the Ensemble Kalman Smoother (EnKS) and the Singular Evolutive Extended Kalman (SEEK) Filter, which all in different ways resemble the original Kalman Filter.

    In the EnKF and EnKS an ensemble of model states is integrated forward in time according to the model dynamics, and statistical moments needed at analysis time are calculated from the ensemble of model states. The EnKS, as opposed to the EnKF, update the analysis also backward in time whenever new observations are available, thereby improving the estimated states at the previous analysis times. The SEEK filter reduces the computational burden of the error propagation by representing the errors in a subspace which is initially calculated from a truncated EOF analysis.

    A hindcast experiment, where sea-level anomaly and sea-surface temperature data are assimilated, has been conducted in the North Atlantic for the time period July until September 1996. In this paper, we describe the implementation of ensemble-based assimilation methods with a common theoretical framework, we present results from hindcast experiments achieved with the EnKF, EnKS and SEEK filter, and we discuss the relative merits of these methods from the perspective of operational marine monitoring and forecasting systems. We found that the three systems have similar performances, and they can be considered feasible technologically for building preoperational prototypes.


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