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Ecotoxicity of zinc in spiked artificial soils versus contaminated field soils
Lock, K.; Janssen, C.R. (2001). Ecotoxicity of zinc in spiked artificial soils versus contaminated field soils. Environ. Sci. Technol. 35(21): 4295-4300
In: Environmental Science and Technology. American Chemical Society: Easton. ISSN 0013-936X, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Bioavailability; Cation exchange capacity; Heavy metals; pH; Pollutants; Soil pollution; Statistical modelling; Toxicity; Zinc; Animalia [WoRMS]; Collembola [WoRMS]; Isotomidae [WoRMS]

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Abstract
    Metal bioavailability is influenced by soil characteristics and aging period. In the present study, both factors were modeled by comparing metal bioavailability in spiked artificial soil and historically contaminated field soils. The chronic toxicity of zinc to Folsomia candida in spiked artificial soils could be predicted with a model based on pH, cation exchange capacity, and total zinc concentration. However, this model could not adequately predict chronic zinc toxicity in contaminated field soils. Porewater concentration and water- and calcium chloride-extracted zinc fractions of the contaminated field soils were lower than those predicted using models developed for spiked artificial soils, indicating that the effect of aging on metal bioavailability should be taken into account. The reproduction of F. candida in contaminated field soils was lower than predicted with models developed using zinc concentration in the porewater and the water- and calcium chloride-extracted fractions in spiked artificial soils. This suggests that these fractions are not the only bioavailable zinc fractions and that dietary metal exposure might also be an important route of uptake under environmentally relevant conditions. Aging and dietary uptake should be studied urgently in order to be able to perform effect-based risk assessments of metal contaminated soils.

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