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Maintenance of the favourable conservation status in two Special Protection Areas in co-habitation with development of the Antwerp harbour
Spanoghe, G.; Gyselings, R.; Van den Bergh, E.; Hemelaer, L. (2005). Maintenance of the favourable conservation status in two Special Protection Areas in co-habitation with development of the Antwerp harbour, in: Herrier, J.-L. et al. (Ed.) Proceedings 'Dunes and Estuaries 2005': International Conference on nature restoration practices in European coastal habitats, Koksijde, Belgium 19-23 September 2005. VLIZ Special Publication, 19: pp. 513-520
In: Herrier, J.-L. et al. (Ed.) (2005). Proceedings 'Dunes and Estuaries 2005': International Conference on nature restoration practices in European coastal habitats, Koksijde, Belgium 19-23 September 2005. VLIZ Special Publication, 19. Vlaams Instituut voor de Zee (VLIZ): Oostende. XIV, 685 pp., more
In: VLIZ Special Publication. Vlaams Instituut voor de Zee (VLIZ): Oostende. ISSN 1377-0950, more

Available in Authors | Dataset 
Document type: Conference paper

Keywords
    Compensation; Compensation; Conservation; Development; Habitat; Harbour regulations; Belgium, Zeeschelde, Antwerp Harbour [Marine Regions]; Marine
Author keywords
    Natura 2000; Favourable conservation status; Harbour development; Co-habitation

Authors  Top | Dataset 
  • Spanoghe, G., more
  • Gyselings, R., more
  • Van den Bergh, E., more
  • Hemelaer, L.

Abstract
    The growing Antwerp harbour on the left bank of the River Schelde has a considerable overlap with designated Birds and Habitats Directive areas (SPA and SAC). Harbour development projects threaten the favourable conservation status of the protected habitats and species. On the other hand the international conservation commitment hampers the harbour development. ‘Co-habitation’, the aim of the Flemish Government to maintain a balance between industrial and ecological needs is a key word in the present-day management of the region. The Deurganckdock case exemplifies possible problems and solutions for Natura 2000 in harbour development areas. Compliance with article 6 of the Habitats directive is the most complex issue. In this case it failed with respect to the assessment of adverse effects and several aspects of the compensation policy. Well defined conservation objectives and performance criteria are essential to the process and should be defined as soon as possible for any Natura 2000 site. Habitat creation/development as compensatory measure should start prior to and not simultaneously or after habitat destruction. Temporary compensations are no sustainable solutions and are only acceptable when an existing habitat is involved; temporary habitat creation is both an economic and ecological loss. Monitoring Natura 2000 sites is essential to successful adaptive management and the maintenance of a favourable conservation status, especially in highly dynamic areas such as harbour development areas.

Dataset
  • MNO Monitoring Waaslandhaven, more

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