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Response of cyanobacterial mats to nutrient and salinity changes
Rejmánková, E.; Komárková, J. (2005). Response of cyanobacterial mats to nutrient and salinity changes. Aquat. Bot. 83(2): 87-107. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aquabot.2005.05.011
In: Aquatic Botany. Elsevier Science: Tokyo; Oxford; New York; London; Amsterdam. ISSN 0304-3770, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Alkaline phosphatase; Alkaline phosphatase; Primary production; Wetlands; Cyanobacteria [WoRMS]; Fresh water

Authors  Top 
  • Rejmánková, E.
  • Komárková, J.

Abstract
    Cyanobacterial mats (CBM), complex assemblages of cyanobacteria, bacteria and algae, are important ecosystem components of oligotrophic marshes in limestone-based regions of the Caribbean. We conducted a mesocosm experiment and evaluated the response of CBM to factorial combinations of low, medium and high phosphorus, nitrogen and salinity. Changes in composition of the main species groups of cyanobacteria and algae, primary production, cellular nutrients and enzymatic activities were recorded as response variables. The redundancy analysis with concentrations of P, N and salinity as explanatory variables showed that the primary production of CBM and the amount of phytoplankton expressed as Chl a were best explained by concentration of P, with less significant positive effect of N and a negative effect of salinity. Abundance of green algae and Chroococcales was positively correlated with increasing concentrations of P and N and reached 27.6% and 21.9%, respectively, in high P and high N treatment at the end of experiment. N2-fixation averaged 75 and 175 nmol C2H4 cm−2 min−1, at low nitrogen and medium or high P, respectively, and it was negatively correlated with nitrogen concentration and positively correlated with abundance of a group of heterocytous cyanobacteria from genus Nostoc. At low N concentrations, increasing P concentrations supported higher N2-fixation. Activity of the alkaline phosphatase, APA, was negatively correlated with P and salinity and positively with N. We also found a significant negative correlation between the APA activity and the P content of the mat. At high P and N concentrations, the mats were impacted by grazing, had a tendency to disintegrate and become shaded out by a massive growth of phytoplankton. We confirmed an overall negative effect of nutrient increase on CBM.

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