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Effects of 17ß-estradiol exposure in the mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis: a possible regulating role for steroid acyltransferases
Janer, G.; Lavado, R.; Thibaut, R.; Porte, C. (2005). Effects of 17ß-estradiol exposure in the mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis: a possible regulating role for steroid acyltransferases. Aquat. Toxicol. 75(1): 32-42. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aquatox.2005.01.012
In: Aquatic Toxicology. Elsevier Science: Tokyo; New York; London; Amsterdam. ISSN 0166-445X, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Hormones; Steroids; Mytilus galloprovincialis Lamarck, 1819 [WoRMS]; MED, Spain, Catalonia, Ebro Delta [Marine Regions]; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Janer, G.
  • Lavado, R.
  • Thibaut, R.
  • Porte, C.

Abstract
    Mussels (Mytilus galloaprovincialis) were exposed to different concentrations of estradiol (20, 200, and 2000 ng/L) in a semi-static regime (1-day dosing intervals) for up to 7 days in an attempt to see how mussels deal with exogenous estrogenic compounds. Whole tissue free-estradiol levels were only significantly elevated at the high exposure dose, whereas total-estradiol (free + esterified) sharply increased in a dose-dependent manner, from 2 ng/g in controls to 258 ng/g at the high exposure group. Neither free nor esterified testosterone levels showed significant differences between control and exposed organisms. The results suggest the existence of mechanisms that allow mussels to maintain their hormonal levels stable, with the exception of the high exposure dose, and the important role that fatty acid esterification, e.g. palmitoyl-CoA:estradiol acyltransferases, may play within those mechanisms. Additionally, the activity of 17β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (17β-HSD), 5α-reductase, P450-aromatase, and estradiol-sulfotransferases were investigated in digestive gland microsomal and cytosolic fractions. All these activities were differently affected by estradiol exposure. Overall, the study contributes to the better knowledge of molluscan endocrinology, and defines new mechanisms of regulation of free steroid-levels in mussels.

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