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Effects of a former discharge of drill cuttings on the macrofauna community
Kröncke, I.; Duineveld, G.C.A.; Raak, S.; Rachor, E.; Daan, R. (1992). Effects of a former discharge of drill cuttings on the macrofauna community. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 91(1-3): 277-287
In: Marine Ecology Progress Series. Inter-Research: Oldendorf/Luhe. ISSN 0171-8630, more
Peer reviewed article  

Also published as
  • Kröncke, I.; Duineveld, G.C.A.; Raak, S.; Rachor, E.; Daan, R. (1992). Effects of a former discharge of drill cuttings on the macrofauna community, in: Stebbing, A.R.D. et al. (Ed.) Biological effects of contaminants in the North Sea: Results of the ICES/IOC Bremerhaven Workshop. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 91(1-3): pp. 277-287, more

Available in Authors 
    VLIZ: Proceedings [75136]
Document type: Conference paper

Keywords
    Drilling; Hazardous materials; Oil and gas fields; Pollutant persistence; Pollution dispersion; Sediment pollution; Zoobenthos; ANE, North Sea [Marine Regions]; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Kröncke, I., more
  • Duineveld, G.C.A., more
  • Raak, S.

Abstract
    As part of the ICES/IOC Bremerhaven Workshop, the macrofauna near a former drilling site for gas in the southern North Sea was investigated. Three years prior to the present investigation oil-contaminated drill cuttings had been discharged at the locality. Shortly after this operation had stopped, a macrofauna survey was carried out which showed effects at the drilling site and revealed a gradient of increase in species abundances and richness in the residual current direction from the discharge point. During the present study 9 stations along the same transect were sampled, up to a distance of 15000 m from the drilling site. In order to assess whether the initial gradient still existed, several univariate and multivariate methods were applied to the data set. Univariate methods showed decreasing trends in species number, biomass and total abundance within 1000 m (Stn E) of the drilling site. The abundances of some deep-burrowing species were low, particularly near the drilling site. However, differences between the stations were in many cases not highly significant. Cluster analysis and ordination with DECORANA and Multidimensional Scaling produced station patterns which point to a dependence between distance from the discharge site and the composition of the macrofauna.

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